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close this bookSchool Enterprises: Combining Vocational Learning with Production (UNEVOC, 1998, 64 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folder1. Key Issues and Hypotheses
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 Economic, educational and social objectives of school enterprises
View the document1.2 Need for case studies
View the document1.3 The conceptual framework
View the document1.4 Methodology
close this folder2. Case Studies
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 China
View the document2.2 India
View the document2.3 Indonesia
View the document2.4 Papua New Guinea
View the document2.5 Germany
View the document2.6 Botswana
View the document2.7 Kenya and Ghana
View the document2.8 Algeria
View the document2.9 Cuba and Costa Rica
close this folder3. Conclusions and Guidelines
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Rough typology of school enterprises
View the document3.2 Structures of school enterprises
View the document3.3 Organisation of learning
View the document3.4 Competency profile, learning outcomes and learning goals
View the document3.5 Curricular processes
View the document3.6 Teaching staff
View the document3.7 Regulatory framework of school enterprises
View the document3.8 External relations
View the document3.9 Impact of school enterprises
View the document3.10 Financial options for school enterprises
View the document3.11 Mixes of private and public roles
View the document3.12 Factors that may enhance school enterprises
View the documentBibliography


Madhu Singh

International Project on Technical and Vocational Education
Projet international pour l’enseignement technique et professionnel

The International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC) is a project of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Its purpose is to contribute to the development and improvement of technical and vocational education in Member States.

UNEVOC works in three programme areas:

· Programme Area A deals with the international exchange of experience and the promotion of studies on policy issues. It is devoted to system development in technical and vocational education.

· Programme Area B is devoted to strengthening national research and development capabilities, that is to the development of infrastructures.

· Programme Area C concerns access to data bases and documentation, and strengthening of the UNEVOC network, in other words, with information and communication.

Under Programme Area A, one of the UNEVOC activities is to identify, analyse and disseminate information about successful practices of management and financing of technical and vocational education institutions through the concept of school enterprises, where vocational learning and production are being combined. This study presents the findings.

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Ms Madhu Singh, Ph.D., is a sociologist and educationalist. She has been involved in issues relating to adult vocational learning as a lecturer in sociology of education at the Institute of Education, Poona, India, and at the University of London Institute of Education, London, United Kingdom. Her doctoral work at the Technical University in Berlin, Germany, is on vocational training for and in the informal sector in New Delhi. She is currently working at the UNESCO Institute for Education in Hamburg, Germany.

· · ·

The views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of UNESCO. The designations employed and the presentation of the material do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the UNESCO Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delineation of its frontiers or boundaries.

· · ·

This document was prepared and processed by UNESCO’s UNEVOC Implementation Unit in Berlin, with the editorial assistance of Mr Jim Sullivan.
Mailing address: UNESCO-UNEVOC · Fehrbelliner Platz 3 · D-10707 Berlin · Germany
[+49] (30) 8649 15 41 · Electronic Mail: or
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©UNESCO 1998

Document Nr ED/IUG/015