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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Planting Trees - An Illustrated Technical Guide and Training Manual (ILO - UNDP, 1993, 190 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
close this folder1. Planning a plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 What regeneration method to use?
View the document1.2 What species to establish?
View the document1.3 Whether to plant a single tree species or a mixture of several?
View the document1.4 What type of planting stock to use?
View the document1.5 What planting pattern to use and how many seedlings to plant?
View the document1.6 When to plant?
View the document1.7 How to protect the seedlings?
View the document1.8 The plantation plan
close this folder2. Preparing the planting site
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View the document2.1 Clearing vegetation
View the document2.2 Ground preparation
View the document2.3 Marking where to dig the holes
View the document2.4 Digging holes
View the document2.5 Soil and water conservation measures
close this folder3. Handling seedlings
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View the document3.1 Packing and transport of seedlings
View the document3.2 Storing seedlings
View the document3.3 Quality of seedlings and grading
View the document3.4 Stripping and trimming
View the document3.5 Transporting seedlings from the road to the planting site
close this folder4. Planting techniques
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.1 Digging the holes
View the document4.2 On-site distribution of the seedlings
View the document4.3 Planting
View the document4.4 Use of fertilizers
close this folder5. Adapting planting techniques to different site conditions
View the document(introduction...)
View the document5.1 Favourable sites
View the document5.2 Sites with high grass
View the document5.3 Waterlogged sites
View the document5.4 Dry sites
View the document5.5 Eroding slopes and rocky sites
View the document5.6 Steep slopes
View the document5.7 Sand dunes
View the document5.8 High altitudes with snow
close this folder6. Maintaining plantations
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1 Weed control
View the document6.2 Protection from grazing
View the document6.3 Fire prevention
View the document6.4 Protection from insects, diseases and rodents
View the document6.5 Fertilizers
View the document6.6 Replacement planting
close this folder7. Planting trees outside woodlots and forests
View the document(introduction...)
View the document7.1 Trees in crop and grazing land
View the document7.2 Alley cropping
View the document7.3 Intercropping in rotation
View the document7.4 Intercropping for tree planting
View the document7.5 Shelterbelts
View the document7.6 Road-sides and river-sides
View the document7.7 Homesteads and public places
close this folder8. Organizing the work
View the document(introduction...)
View the document8.1 Planning
View the document8.2 Workforce
View the document8.3 Labour requirements over the year
View the document8.4 Worknorms
View the document8.5 Coordinating the work
View the document8.6 Tools and equipment
View the document8.7 Supervision and control
View the document8.8 Records to keep
close this folder9. Working conditions
View the document(introduction...)
View the document9.1 Hours of work and rest
View the document9.2 Nutrition and amenities
View the document9.3 Wage systems
View the document9.4 Training, job content and labour-management relations
View the document9.5 Safety
close this folderAppendices - Technical sheets
View the documentAppendix 1 - Surveying and mapping of large planting sites
View the documentAppendix 2 - Laying out and preparing soil and water conservation structures
View the documentAppendix 3 - Survival count
View the documentSome useful guides/handbooks
View the documentTitles in the series of training elements and technical guides for SPWP workers

Some useful guides/handbooks

Evans, J. 1992. Plantation forestry in the tropics. 471 pp. ISBN 0-19-854257-7 Pbk, Oxford University Press, New York, USA.

FAO. 1977. Savanna afforestation in Africa. FAO Forestry Paper no. 11. 312 pp. ISBN 92-5-100273-8.

FAO. 1978. Establishment techniques for forest plantations. FAO Forestry Paper no. 8. 206 pp. ISBN 92-5-300535-1.

FAO. 1985. Tree growing by rural people. 130 pp. FAO Forestry Paper no. 64. ISBN 92-5-102341-7.

FAO. 1987. Soil and water conservation in semi-arid areas. FAO Soil Bulletin no. 57. 172 pp. ISBN 92-5-102606-8.

FAO. 1991. Community forestry - ten years in review. Community Forestry Note no. 7. 32 pp.

FAO publications are available from: Distribution and Sales Section, FAO. Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO. 1988. Planning forestry extension programmes. GCP/RAS/11 I/NET. Available from: Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia, c/o FAO, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand.

Fraser, A.I., 1979. A manual on the management of plantation forests. 127 pp. Natraj Publishers, Dehra Dun, India.

Forestry Commission of Zimbabwe. Undated. Planting and managing of woodlots. Booklet No 2. 23pp. Rural Afforestation Division. Harare, Zimbabwe. Available from: Publicity and Extension Officer, Rural Afforestation Division, P.O. Box HG 139 Highlands, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Galloway, G. & Borgo, G. 1984. Gupara el establecimiento de plantaciones forestales en la sierra Peruana. Proyecto FAO/Holanda/INFOR. Lima, Peru. 144 pp. Available from: Cahuide 805-Piso 7, Jesr Apartado Postal 11016, Lima 14, Peru.

GTZ. 1976. Manual of reforestation and erosion control for the Philippines. 569 pp. ISBN 3-88085-020-8. Available from: German Agency for Technical Co-operation (GTZ), P.O. Box 5180, D- 6236 Eschborn, Germany.

Hurni, H. 1986. Soil conservation in Ethiopia. Community forests and soil conservation Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia. Available from: Soil Conservation Research Project, P.O. Box 2597, Addis Ababa.

ICRAF. 1988. Agroforestry in dryland Africa. 311 pp. ISBN 92-9059-049-1. International Council for Research in Agroforestry, Nairobi, Kenya.

ILO. 1982. Implementation of appropriate technology in Philippine forestry. 246 pp.

ILO. 1983. Soil conservation: Project design and implementation using labour-intensive techniques. 206 pp. ISBN 92-2-103395-3.

ILO. 1992. Fitting the job to the forest worker: An illustrated training manual on ergonomics. 128 pp. ISBN 92-2-107113-8.

ILO publications are available from: Distribution, International Labour Office, 1218 Geneva 22, Switzerland.

Pohjonen, V. 1989. Establishment of fuelwood plantations in Ethiopia. 388 pp. Silva Carelica 14. ISBN 951-696-839-2 Available from: Joensuu University Library. P.O. Box 111 SF-80101 Joensuu, Finland (exchange) or Toivo & Toivo, Joensuun yliopiston, ylioppilaskunnan kirjakauppa, Siltakatu 14 A, SF-80100 Joensuu, Finland (sale).

Weber, F.R. 1986. Reforestation of arid lands. Action/Peace Corps Program & Training Journal Manual Series No 5, 335 pp., ISBN 0-86619-264-6. Available from: VITA, 1815 North Lynn St., Suite 200, Arlington, Va 22209, USA.

Weber, F. & Hoskins, M. W. 1983. Soil conservation technical sheets. 94 pp. International Training Division, Office of International Cooperation and Development of the U.S. Agency of International Development, Washington, DC.