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close this bookBetter Farming Series 08 - Animal Husbandry: Feeding and Care of Animals (FAO - INADES, 1976, 38 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentPlan of work
close this folderWhy learn about animal husbandry?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWhy farmers go In for traditional animal husbandry
View the documentAnimals can earn much more
View the documentHow to improve animal husbandry
close this folderFeeding animals
View the documentWhy animals must be well fed
View the documentHow food is used in the animal's body
View the documentNot all animals digest food in the same way
View the documentHow to choose animals' food
View the documentFoods that give nitrogen must be chosen
View the documentValues of certain foods
View the documentWhat is a mineral supplement?
View the documentVitamins
View the documentGiving the animals water to drink
View the documentFood needs of animals
View the documentHow to feed animals
close this folderPasture
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentImproving pasture
View the documentMaking new pasture
View the documentUsing new pasture
View the documentGrowing fodder crops
close this folderStoring grass
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSilage
View the documentHay
close this folderLooking after animals
View the documentAnimals must be watched
View the documentHow to watch over animals
View the documentHousing animals
View the documentValues of some animal feeds
View the documentSuggested question paper

How to watch over animals

In a paddock

To make a paddock, put a fence around the pasture so that the animals cannot get out. The fence is made with wire and posts. But wire is costly.

Two kinds of fence

There are cheaper ways of making a fence. You can plant a row of small trees very close to one another, or two rows of sisal or thorns. You can also use millet stalks. It takes a lot of time and work to make fences and keep them in good repair

In the paddock it is easier to keep the animals under watch.

They can't get out and damage the crops, and they make better use of all the grass of the pasture.

Making fences requires money and work. It is useless to spend money unless at the same time you improve the animals' food, and house the better and look after them better.

· With a herdsman

It is best for the farmer himself to watch over his animals. He can also get some member of the family to do it. Or several farmers who know one another well can put their animals together, have them vaccinated, and pay a herdsman.

In any event, the farmer must keep an eye on the herdsman to make sure he is doing his job well.

To do his job well, a herdsman must know about animals, look after them well, and lead them to good pastures.

A good herdsman does not cheat the farmers; for example, he does not sell the milk which the young animals are supposed to drink.

To help the herdsman, a dog can be trained to lead the animals, to prevent them leaving the herd and to bring them back when they do.

A well- trained dog is very useful to the herdsman.