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close this bookBetter Farming Series 08 - Animal Husbandry: Feeding and Care of Animals (FAO - INADES, 1976, 38 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentPlan of work
close this folderWhy learn about animal husbandry?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWhy farmers go In for traditional animal husbandry
View the documentAnimals can earn much more
View the documentHow to improve animal husbandry
close this folderFeeding animals
View the documentWhy animals must be well fed
View the documentHow food is used in the animal's body
View the documentNot all animals digest food in the same way
View the documentHow to choose animals' food
View the documentFoods that give nitrogen must be chosen
View the documentValues of certain foods
View the documentWhat is a mineral supplement?
View the documentVitamins
View the documentGiving the animals water to drink
View the documentFood needs of animals
View the documentHow to feed animals
close this folderPasture
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentImproving pasture
View the documentMaking new pasture
View the documentUsing new pasture
View the documentGrowing fodder crops
close this folderStoring grass
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSilage
View the documentHay
close this folderLooking after animals
View the documentAnimals must be watched
View the documentHow to watch over animals
View the documentHousing animals
View the documentValues of some animal feeds
View the documentSuggested question paper

Housing animals

Why shelter is needed.

To protect the animals from wild beasts, from wind, sun and rain, and from diseases.

Where to build the shelter.

· Near the farmer's house, so that he can watch the animals better.
· On dry ground, on a mound. Wet soil causes diseases. Do not build in a tow- lying place where the rain water collects.

How to build a shelter.

· You can build a shelter without spending a lot of money.

Use wood, earth, straw.

· The animals must be protected from the wind. Build a fairly high wall of earth on the side from which the wind usually blows.

Build small walls on the other sides.

· The animals must be protected from sun and rain. Make a straw roof.
· There must be a door big enough for you to get the dung out easily.
· The shelter must not be too small.

The animals must not be crowded. A sheep needs 1 square metre and a cow needs 5 to 6 square metres.

Front view of shelter

· Along the lower edge of the roof fix a bamboo that you have cut in half lengthwise. You must also take out the little divisions inside the bamboo.

Slope the bamboo slightly, and under the lower end place a drinking trough.

The rain that falls on the roof will run into the bamboo and from the bamboo into the drinking trough.

The bamboo will act as a gutter.

· You must build the shelter in such a way that the wind carries the smell away from the house.

Beside the shelter make a paddock where the animals can walk about.

1. It should be large enough to be divided into sections and should have trees for shade.
2. Make a fenced- off section for milking. This allows easier and cleaner milking.
3. Make another fenced- off section for calves to be separated overnight from their dams, but put it near enough to the milking section to avoid milk let- down.
4. Make a covered hay- feeder.
5. The manure pit is shaded. Put it far enough away from both the milking section and the carves' section.