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close this bookNeeds and Characteristics of a Sample of Micro and Small Enterprises in Thailand - Working Paper N5 - Micro and Small Enterprise Development and Poverty Alleviation in Thailand - Project ILO/UNDP: THA/99/003 (ILO-ISEP - ILO - UNDP, 1999, 102 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
close this folder1.0 Background
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View the document1.1 An overview of problems and needs of MSEs
close this folder2.0 Survey of selected Thai urban-based MSEs
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View the document2.1 Survey methodology
View the document2.2 The survey sample
View the document2.3 Results of the Bangkok survey
View the document2.4 Results of the Phetchaburi survey
close this folder3.0 Characteristics, problems and needs of Thai MSEs
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View the document3.1 Characteristics of Thai MSEs
View the document3.2 Problems and needs of Thai MSEs
View the document3.3 Possible solutions to problems
close this folder4.0 Notes on statistical findings
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View the document4.1 Gender issues for entrepreneurs
View the document4.2 The educational level of entrepreneurs
View the document4.3 The age of entrepreneurs
View the document4.4 The relationship between sales, asset value and number of workers
View the document5.0 Recommendations
close this folderAnnexes
View the documentAnnex I: Tables 2 - 31
View the documentAnnex II: Figures 1 to 9
View the documentAnnex III: List of enterprises surveyed
View the documentAnnex IV: ILO Recommendation concerning General Conditions to Stimulate Job Creation in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 1998 (No. 189)
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4.4 The relationship between sales, asset value and number of workers

The sales of the enterprises interviewed are plotted against asset value and number of workers, as shown in Figures 7 and 8 respectively. The sales, which are plotted on the vertical axis, have to be shown on a logarithmic scale because of the wide variations. Figure 7 gives a slight indication that firms with smaller asset value (less than 1 million Baht) would also have a smaller amount of sales, and firms with larger asset value would have a higher sales figure. The figure also shows that the group of small enterprises seems to be concentrated around sales figures and asset values of around 1 million Baht.

The relationship between sales and number of workers, as shown in Figure 8, shows that the smaller enterprises with 10 or less workers tend to have sales figures of about 100,000 Baht or less, while enterprises with more than 10 workers would have higher sales figure.

The relationship between asset value and number of workers seems to be quite diverse. Although there is a concentration around 10 or less workers and asset values of 1 million or less, firms with a more workers do not clearly possess a higher asset value (as can be seen in Figure 9).

Considering the purpose of this survey, and the fact that only a small sample was used, the discussion above is by no means conclusive. As the nature of the businesses is markedly different between manufacturing, services, and trading enterprises, their characteristics as discussed above should be addressed both separately, as well as collectively.

Therefore, it is recommended that a more comprehensive and detailed study be conducted on these issues, in order to establish an accurate information and knowledge base about Thai entrepreneurs and micro and small-scale enterprises.