|Better Farming Series 14 - Farming with Animal Power (FAO - INADES, 1977, 57 p.)|
|Choosing and preparing fields|
|Size and shape of fields|
|Marking the boundaries of a field|
|Grub out all the trees in the field|
|Get permission to farm for a long time|
|Choosing oxen for farm work|
|Harnessing oxen with a yoke|
|How to train oxen|
|How many hours a day can oxen work?|
|How to feed working oxen|
|Looking after working' oxen|
|Tools for use with animal power|
|Choice of tools|
|The Manga cultivator|
|The seed drill|
|Income from animal power|
|What animal power costs|
|Buying animals and tools|
|The animals' food|
|Upkeep and repair of tools|
|What animal power farming costs him:|
|Some examples of animal power farming|
|Suggested question paper|
Oxen can be very useful if they are well trained.
When oxen are very well trained, one man alone can drive them and hold the plough.
If the oxen are not well trained, three people are needed: one in front to lead; one at the side, to make the oxen go forward; one behind, to hold the plough.
It takes time to train oxen well, but this time is not wasted. Afterwards, only one man will be needed to drive the oxen and hold the plough.
Once oxen are trained, they should be harnessed fairly often.
Never leave them too long without harnessing them. If you do not harness your oxen for 6 months, they will lose their good habits. In the dry season when there is no ploughing or cultivating to do, harness your oxen for transport. Then they will not lose their good habits.