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close this bookBetter Farming Series 07 - Crop Farming (FAO - INADES, 1976, 29 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderPlan of work
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderHow to till
View the documentBy hand
View the documentWith animal power
View the documentDepth of tillage
View the documentWhen to plough
View the documentHarrowing
close this folderSowing
View the documentChoosing seed
View the documentWhen to sow
close this folderHow to sow
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSowing in rows
View the documentSowing in rows by hand
View the documentSowing with animal power
View the documentTransplanting
close this folderLooking after the crops
View the documentWeeding
View the documentEarthing up
View the documentHoeing
View the documentThinning
close this folderHarvesting
View the documentHow to harvest
close this folderHow to get a better price for the harvest
View the documentGrade your crops.
View the documentStore your harvest well.
View the documentFarmers get together to sell.
View the documentSuggested question paper


Certain plants are first sown in a nursery.

In a nursery you can sow very thickly. When the seeds have germinated, when the plants have grown a little, they are lifted and planted out in the fields. They are transplanted. Tobacco, tomatoes, salad plants, rice and many trees, such as oil palm, mango, avocado, are first sown in a nursery and then transplanted.

Good transplanting.

Plants are lifted from the nursery. But before transplanting them in the field, they must be prepared. Cut off roots that are too long. Cut off damaged roots. Take off half the leaves. Put the plant in the soil up to the base of the stem. Pack the earth well round the roots.


To protect the transplanted seedlings from the sun, make a little shelter.
Bad transplanting.
The roots have not been trimmed; they turn upward.
The earth has not been packed down; the roots dry out.
If the transplanted seedling is not watered, it will not grow well.

Bed transplanting

Cassava is not sown. You put pieces of stem into the earth. Cassava is planted.

You do not sow pineapples or bananas. You put shoots into the earth. Pineapples and bananas are planted.

This planting must also be done in rows, to get the right density and to get rid of weeds more easily.