The fruits of the oil palm yield oil
10. The clusters consist of spikelets.
The spikelets contain the fruit. Before getting the oil out of
the fruit, the fruit must be separated from the spikelets.
11. The fruits of the oil palm consist of the following parts:
Pulp: the pulp is yellow; when the pulp is crushed it yields palm oil. Seed:
inside the shell of the seed is the kernel; when the kernel is crushed, It
yields palm kernel oil. The kernel also contains the germ.
Fruit of the oil palm
12. The fruits of all oil palms are not the same.
· They are not all
of the same size.
· The pulp is not equally
thick in all of them.
· The shell is not
· Some kernels have no shell
There are different varieties of oil palm:
· aura palms have
kernels with a thick shell;
· pisifera palms
have kernels with no shell;
· tenera palms
have kernels with a thin shell.
There are different varieties of oil
13. When oil palms bear many and large fruit clusters, they
yield a lot of oil.
But to get a lot of oil, each fruit must also contain a lot of
pulp, a shell that is not very thick, and a big kernel.
Research stations have developed varieties of oil palm which
produce many large clusters with fruits that have a lot of pulp, a thin shell
and a big kernel.
These are selected oil palms.
In order to get a lot of oil, the female flowers of a aura palm
are fertilized with the pollen from a pisifera palm.
Once they are fertilized, the female flowers turn into fruits.
These fruits are of the tenera variety.
The fruits of the tenera palm have a lot of pulp, a thin shell
and a big