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close this bookBetter Farming Series 24 - The Oil Palm (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folderModern oil palm cultivation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBefore starting think things over carefully
View the documentLife of the oil palm
View the documentThe fruits of the oil palm yield oil
View the documentWhy cultivate oil palms?
View the documentWhere to cultivate oil palms
close this folderThe oil palm nursery
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow to make a nursery
View the documentLayout of paths and nursery beds
View the documentPutting up shelters
close this folderThe plantation
View the documentPreparing the site
View the documentPegging the planting pattern
View the documentPlanting out the oil palm seedlings
View the documentPutting wire netting around seedlings
close this folderLooking after the plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow much fertilizer to apply
View the documentProtect against insects
View the documentHarvesting
View the documentSuggested question paper

Pegging the planting pattern

26. When the soil of the plantation has been well cleared by fire, peg out the places where you will plant your seedlings.

To be sure to plant at the right density, you must peg out carefully before planting.

Then you will be sure of having always the same distance between rows and in each row the same distance between oil palms.

To get a good yield, you must plant the oil palms at the right density.

If the oil palms are planted too close together, the roots get in each other's way, and the leaves do not have enough air and sun: the yield will be low.

If the oil palms are not planted close enough together, each separate tree produces much, but the roots do not use all the soil: the yield per hectare will be low.

27. How to peg out the planting pattern

Trace lines across the slope and put in your pegs in straight lines; leave 7.8 metres between rows and 9 metres between pegs.

In this way you can plant 143 oil palms per hectare; this is the best density.

Pull out tree stumps and remove fallen trees close to the pegs, because these stumps and trees would interfere with the oil palms.

Planting pattern for plantation