Cover Image
close this bookSafe Blood in Developing Countries - The Lessons from Uganda (EC, 1995, 151 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentQuotation
View the documentForeword by the Uganda Minister of Health
Open this folder and view contentsForeword by Commissioner Professor Pinheiro
View the documentSome facts about Uganda
Open this folder and view contentsSection One - Introduction and summary
Open this folder and view contentsSection Two - Background: Uganda's history, health, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic
Open this folder and view contentsSection Three - The story of the Uganda blood transfusion service
Open this folder and view contentsSection Four - Evaluation: The view from Kampala
Open this folder and view contentsSection Five - Key issues in blood transfusion: The Uganda experience
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Some facts about Uganda

Uganda straddles the Equator, and at about 236,000 square kilometres is about the same size as Great Britain or the state of Oregon, USA. Uganda is bordered by Kenya, Sudan, Zaire, Rwanda and Tanzania. Most of the country is high, at over 1,000 metres in altitude, and almost 25 per cent of the country's surface is water, thanks to several large lakes, the largest being Lake Victoria, Africa's biggest lake, source of the Nile, and shared between Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. The country is mostly very fertile, with agriculture making up around 60 per cent of GDP and coffee, tea and tobacco being main exports. Some figures for Uganda are:


about 17 million

Population growth rate

about 2.8 per cent a year

Fertility rate

7.2 children/woman

Maternal mortality rate

550 per 100,000 births

Life expectancy (1993)

less than 50 years

Malnutrition of under-5s

45 per cent

Population per doctor


Population per nurse


Gross National Product (GNP) per head

about $170

Health share of GNP

2 per cent

Education share of GNP

15 per cent

Defence share of GNP

26 per cent

Top 5 causes of morbidity, 1992

- Malaria

19 per cent

- Diarrhoea

9 per cent

- Measles

7 per cent

- Pneumonia

6 per cent

- Anaemia

6 per cent