ADELAIDE - 1988
The Adelaide Conference in 1988 started from the position that
health is both a fundamental human right and a sound social investment. The
Conference urged governments to promote health through linked economic, social
and health policies. Delegates stressed the need for equity in health and the
need for governments to forge new alliances for health promotion with partners
such as corporations and businesses, trade unions, nongovernmental organizations
and community groups.
Participants reaffirmed the commitment to the strong public
health alliance which the Ottawa Charter called for.
The Conference identified four key priority areas for healthy
* improving the health of women - the worlds
primary health promoters;
* food and nutrition - ensuring adequate amounts of
healthy food for all;
* tobacco and alcohol - major health hazards that
deserve immediate action;
* creating supportive environments - so that health
is nurtured and protected.
Since 1988 many international organizations, countries and
sub-national governments have adopted public health policies which embody the
spirit of Adelaide.
UNICEF included the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter as
part of its health strategy in 1995, while in Europe, 17 countries have
formulated Health of the Nation-type documents and an additional
four countries are in the process of doing so. Australia and several Canadian
provinces have also adopted public health policies in the spirit of Ottawa and