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close this bookThe Organization of First Aid in the Workplace (ILO, 1999, 70 p.)
close this folderAnnexes
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex I. Examples of first-aid legislation
View the documentAnnex II. Be ready for emergencies1
View the documentAnnex III. Rescue equipment: An example
Open this folder and view contentsAnnex IV. First-aid boxes
View the documentAnnex V. Antidotes: Some useful examples

Annex V. Antidotes: Some useful examples



Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

Chromium VI compounds (chromium trioxide, zinc chromate, alkaline chromates, etc.)

Atropine sulphate (1% solution)

Cholinesterase inhibitor (phosphoric acid esters, insecticides, alkyl phosphates)

BAL (dimercaptopropanol)

Antimony, arsenic, chromium, gold, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel, mercury, bismuth

Calcium gluconate

Fluorine, hydrochloric acid and its salts, oxalic acid


Lead, chromium, iron, cobalt, copper, uranium, vanadium, zinc


Irritant gases

4-dimethyl aminophenol (4-DMAP)

Cyanide, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulphide

DMPS (sodium-dimercaptopropane sulphate, BAL sulphonic acid)

Organic and inorganic mercury compounds and other indications for BAL

DTPA (calcium trisodium pentetate, ditripentate)

Lead, cadmium, chromium, iron, manganese, zinc and in the event of the incorporation of radioactive isotopes

Ethanol (vodka, kirsch)


Isotomic eye drops

Eye injuries, due in particular to acids and alkalis


Absorbent for ingested water-soluble poisons

N acetylcysteine


Sodium bicarbonate

Methanol, aldehydes, chlorates, salicylic acid, alkyl phosphates

Sodium thiosulphate

Cyanides, hydrogen cyanide - immediately after 4-DMAP, chlorine, bromine, iodine, nitrogen oxides, aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds, aromatic amines and alkylating agents

Paraffin oil

Absorbent for ingested oil-soluble substances


Lead, gold, cobalt, copper, mercury, zinc

Polyethylene glycol 400

Cleansing skin of cutaneously absorbable poisons such as aniline, phenol

Toluidine blue

Aniline, chromates, nitrates, nitrites, nitro-benzene and in the event of overdoses of 4-DMAP

Antidotes should be stored in such a way that they are immediately available in the event of an emergency. They should be protected against misuse.

Source: Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften: “Erste Hilfe (VBG 109) vom 1. April 1979”, section 6, quoted in Klaus J. Gatz: Erste Hilfe im Betrieb (Sankt Augustin, Germany, April 1985), pp. 28-29.