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close this bookHIV and Infant Feeding - Review of HIV Transmission Through Breastfeeding Jointly Issued by UNICEF, UNAIDS and WHO Guidelines - Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (UNAIDS, 1998, 26 p.)
close this folderStrategies to reduce breast-milk transmission
View the documentPrimary prevention
View the documentReplacement feeding
View the documentEarly cessation of breastfeeding
View the documentTreatment of breast milk
View the documentWet-nursing by a tested HIV-negative woman
View the documentAntiretroviral therapy

Early cessation of breastfeeding

Early cessation of breastfeeding reduces the risk of HIV transmission by limiting the length of time that an infant is exposed to HIV through breast milk. Women who are not able to provide adequate and hygienic replacement feeding to their infants from birth may consider this option in order to reduce the cumulative risk of longer breastfeeding duration (Leroy et al., 1998; Epkini et al., 1997; Van de Perre, 1997). It is not yet possible to specify the optimum time for cessation of breastfeeding.