|Basic Techiques of Blacksmithing: A Manual for Trainers (Peace Corps, 1982, 102 p.)|
Total Time: 2 hours
* To evaluate the effectiveness of the training program
* To identify ways in which future blacksmith training programs can be improved
Materials: Newsprint and felt-tip pens
Step 1. (10 minute;)
Review and explain the session objectives.
* Explain that evaluation through feedback from participants can serve as the basis for improving future blacksmith training programs.
Step 2. (25 minutes)
Have the participants divide into groups of 3 or 4 and record on newsprint their observations regarding the effectiveness of the training program.
* Ask that each group list three aspects of the program which were particularly effective and three aspects which were particularly ineffective.
* For each ineffective aspect of the program, ask that participants suggest ways in which it could be improved.
* Encourage participants to be as specific as possible and to consider all aspects of the program (i.e., sequence of sessions, content of sessions, trainer techniques, etc.).
* If possible, the trainers should join the small groups and participate in the activity.
* While the small groups are working, arrange chairs in a semicircle at the front of the room so that three people can face and speak to one another while reading the posted observations and suggestions. Arrange a second row of chairs around the first three. The configuration should look like this:
* Approximately five minutes before the end of the time allotted for this step, circulate among the groups, remind them of the time remaining and ask that they post their observations and suggestions when they are finished.
Step 3. (10 minutes)
Have the group reconvene and occupy the chairs the outer semi-circle. Explain the "Fishbowl" activity.
* Ask if anyone has had experience with this activity. If so, ask them to help you with the explanation. Your explanation should include the following points:
- Only three people at a time will be in the inner
* The reason for using the fishbowl structure is to provide a comfortable format for discussion and to encourage constructive feedback and suggestions. Therefore, it is important that people feel free to express their thoughts without fear of reprisal. People should be encouraged to enter the discussion and to exchange places with one another when they have something to say. It is a good idea to have at least one member of the training staff in the discussion group at all times.
Step 4. (10 minutes)
Just before the discussion, ask one of the participants to scan the lists and point out any commonalities and parallels among the observations.
* This quick identification will help provide order and avoid repetition once the discussion begins.
Step 5. (50 minutes)
Ask that three volunteers move to the inner semicircle and initiate the activity by responding to one of the observations.
Step 6. (10 minutes)
Summarize the observations and suggestions for improvement that resulted from the fishbowl discussion.
* Stress those observations which seem most generally agreed upon by the group and most feasible in terms of future implementation.
Step 7. (5 minutes)
Thank the group for their participation in this activity.
* Briefly mention that the remaining two hours of the day will be devoted to an open workshop period and a general shop clean-up.