|The Courier N° 121 March-april 1990- Dossier Refugees - Country Reports: Botswana - Zambia (EC Courier, 1990, 104 p.)|
Following the favourable opinion delivered by the EDF Committee, the Commission has decided that the projects listed below should be financed.
National School of Engineering in Conakry
Grant: ECU 5 500 000
The aim is to consolidate work begun under the 5th EDF at the National School of Engineering (ENAM) in Conakry, by:
- completing the rehabilitation of some of the
- supplying additional equipment and teaching and demonstration materials;
- sending out technical assistance staff to train instructors.
Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development (CARDI)
Grant: ECU 5300000
The programme has as its objective the development of agricultural production in the Caribbean with particular emphasis on import substitution of animal products and staple food crops through increased production by small farmers. This is in keeping with the Caribbean Communitys stated policy in this sector.
A five-year practically-oriented research and development programme emphasising the on-farm application of research finding will be executed in the following fields:
- information and technology transfer
- tissue culture facilities,
- sheep and goat development and pasture management,
- seed propagation for pasture and legumes,
- soil fertility research.
Fertiliser buffer stock expansion
Fifth and sixth EDFs
Grant: ECU 13 950 000
In October 1987, the Government of Malawi and the EC Commission agreed to fund a fertiliser buffer stock to guarantee continued and timely availability in periods of supply disruption and also to improve fertiliser use at grassroots level in normal times. The buffer stock programme comprised the purchase of 70000 m tonnes of fertiliser and the construction of 65 000 m³ storage capacity in three strategic locations.
The expanded programme decided provides for the purchase of an additional 20000 m tonnes of fertiliser, carrying the total volume of the buffer stock up to 90 000 m tonnes. The increased quantity can be accommodated in the warehouses included in the initial programme.
Programme for opening up transport routes in Burundi
Grant: ECU 23 600 000
Special loan: ECU 9 400 000
Burundi is one of the most deeply landlocked countries in Africa; all its supplies depend on conditions prevailing on the various access routes from outside. The aim of this project is the improvement of those conditions as part of a series of complementary operations designed to improve access to countries such as Rwanda, Uganda and eastern Za from the ports of Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.
The programme proposes the rehabilitation of national road 1 (RN 1) from Bujumbura up to the frontier with Rwanda, along which flows the entire road traffic coming from those two ports. It covers also the construction of a surfaced road which will form the last stretch (Muyinga-Kobero) of the road (RN 6) linking Kayanga, on the RN 1, with the Tanzanian frontier. The remaining item in the programme concerns work on improving the port facilities and the road freight centre at Bujumbura.
Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles
Regional programme for meteorological cooperation
Grant: ECU 1 000 000
Special loan: ECU 4 000 000
The aim of this programme is to improve detection, forecasting and warning by upgrading the meteorological and telecommunications resources relating to tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean region. The direct and immediate result will be an increase in meteorological knowledge in general and in aid for the development of regional centres and networks for which it will provide equipment; it will also provide training for meteorologists and technicians.
All ACP States
Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation
Grant: ECU 5 957 000
Budget financing for the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation.
All ACP States
Centre for the Development of Industry
Grant: ECU 9132000
Budget financing for the Centre for the Development of Industry.
All ACPs and OCTs
The ACP-EEC Courier
Grant: ECU I 340 000
The project covers the 1990 operating budget of The ACP-EEC Courier, the journal aimed at providing a flow of information between the ACP and the EEC countries and between the ACP countries themselves.
River Ferry Service
Grant: ECU 600 000
The LomII indicative programme to Guyana earmarks 90 % of resources for the economic infrastructure sector, with the aim of removing constraints on increased production through the rehabilitation of existing infrastructure.
In April 1987, the Commission approved a grant of ECU 1.95 m for the River Ferry Service: Immediate Action Programme.
The programme has been split into two phases, with Phase One utilising the ECU 1.95 m available, and covering the rehabilitation of two of the three vessels. Phase 2 will then cover the rehabilitation of the third vessel plus studies of the management and finances of the ferry service.
ACP States of Western Africa
Grant: ECU 7 500 000
The programme is a continuation of an existing programme to prevent the occurrence of rinderpest in Africa.
The programme which also provided for direct aid to countries most affected by rinderpest in Africa has, as it main aim, the increasing of means available for professionals working in livestock development. To this end discussions took place with individual countries on how to ensure better financing of the livestock services.
The project identifies specific actions in the following countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, potentially Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger and Togo.
The action envisaged for financing are as follows:
- continuation of campaigns against rinderpest;
- establishment of livestock development funds;
- encouragement of the privatisation of the veterinary professions and of other functions in the livestock services.
Deep sea fishing fleet development
Grant: ECU 470000
Special loan: ECU 950 000
The subject of the project is the financing of three 24 m fishing boats fitted for catching tuna by drag-line outside the Territorys economic zone, especially in the south, and by long line within the economic zone.
Development of the fishing industry is a priority in the Territorys plan, corresponding as it does to the plans main objectives: job creation, opening up the archipelagoes and developing the primary sector.
Export support service
Grant: ECU 500 000
The project provides for aid in the creation and running in of an Export Support Service (SAE) whose function will be to promote exports of tropical produce.
This operation forms part of the plan to diversify Burundis exports which are at present over-reliant on coffee, leaving the countrys economy precariously vulnerable to the fluctuations of world prices for this commodity.
Farming system support programme
Grant: ECU 13 000 000
The project has been designed as the first stage of a long-term programme for the development of a comprehensive research programme integrally linked to enhanced agricultural extension services. It is a follow-up to the 4th EDF Coffee Rehabilitation Programme. (Doe: UG/615/81-en).
The research programme concentrates on coffee in particular but also on staple foodcrops. Improved extension services will adopt a farming systems approach enabling farmers to take full advantage of the inputs provided through the project.
The primary sectoral aim is to assist smallholders to improve the quality and yields of coffee and other crops in existing cultivated areas.
Fifth and sixth EDFs
Grant: ECU 20 000 000
During 1989, the Government of Zambia has re-established its dialogue with the international donor community and instituted a courageous set of economic policy measures in order to restructure the economy. In order to reinforce and sustain the implementation and success of these policies and programmes, Zambia is in need of urgent, quick-disbursing import support on a grant basis so that supply constraints in the productive and social sectors can be alleviated.
Importers of inputs, spare parts and intermediate productive goods in the agriculture, industry, transport and, especially, export-oriented sectors will be eligible for access to the facility which will be managed by the Ministry of Finance through the Bank of Zambia working jointly with the EC Delegation in Lusaka. Importers of supplies, goods and equipment in the social, education, population and health sectors will also be eligible, in order to enhance the positive effects and protection offered to those vulnerable groups most exposed to hardship as a result of the adjustment process in the economy.
Grant of ECU 24000000 to finance an agricultural import
Grant: ECU 24 000 000
The Commission has just approved a second sectoral programme (SIP II) to help Ethiopia overcome its serious economic difficulties. This will finance inputs for the smallholder sector and support the production of cotton and essential consumer goods.
The scheme, which involves rapid payment of the amount allocated and is based on the foundations laid by SIP I, which got off to a good start, will be completed in 1990. The goods provided under SIP II will be sold to the organisations taking part and the counterpart funds accruing will be used to support coffee production and guarantee the local commitments of the Agricultural Development Programmes- one burden less for the State budget, which will be losing revenue because the climate is unsuitable for coffee marketing.
The inputs involved include fertiliser for the smallholders, various supplies and technical assistance to improve water distribution and the yield of agricultural machinery in the (irrigated and mechanised) cotton sector, spare parts and raw materials for industrial firms producing essential consumer goods such as soap, sugar, extra food and clothing.
After a slight improvement in the economy in 1988-89, Ethiopia is now faced with a number of events which are compromising the improvement. This is interfering with the countrys ability to pay for the essential imports, particularly for the smallholder sector in which large-scale development schemes have just been started with the support of the Commission and other funders. Things are made worse by the impending drought in the North, which will take up existing means for the vital rescue operation. Lastly, the continuing decline in cotton production and the attendant imports are further increasing the pressure on the balance of payments.
These problems are occurring at a time when the authorities are pursuing a policy of economic liberalisation and the agricultural prices and the marketing measures introduced in 1988 are beginning to have a positive effect on food output and farm incomes and several new decrees in other sectors of the economy are being published.
Grant: ECU I 500 000
The purpose of the project is to address the fundamental need of the Solomon Islands land transport system and its interface with inter-island shipping: that is 1) the elimination of the backlog of maintenance and rehabilitation caused by the inadequacy of financial and human resources of the Ministry of Transport, Works and Utilities (MTWU) and aggravated by cyclone damage, and 2) the strengthening of the MTWUs capacity to carry out effective and timely maintenance in the future.
The project comprises four physical investment components with supporting technical assistance (TA). These are:
- the rehabilitation or replacement of selected bridges and
wharves at key locations throughout the rural transport system;
- the selective rehabilitation of the 128 km Guadalcanal weather coast road serving an important copra producing area;
- the construction of a 12 km road on Makira linking a recently established Rural Services Project in the north-west with the existing road network; and
- a labour intensive feeder road construction programme.
Drinking water supply to Aloun el Atrouss
Grant: ECU 3 100 000
The objective is the provision and distribution of drinking water for Aloun el Atrouss, a town of 16 000 inhabitants situated in south-eastern Mauritania.
Two deep boreholes will tap underground water at ±150m to feed a 300 m³ reservoir from which a gravity-fed network of pipes will distribute it to the various districts: to private connections (200 are provided for) and to 10 street fountains. The existing reservoir near the hospital will be put into working order.
Technical assistance will be provided for supervision of the works and providing training courses for those involved in the project.
Grant: ECU 15 500 000
This project involves the improvement and asphalting of the road between Yako and Ouahigouya (74 km). It will complete the link between Ouagadougou, the countrys capital, and Ouahigouya, the main town of Yatenga province, with a fully asphalted road. The section between Ouagadougou and Yako (108 km) was asphalted by means of a project financed by the fifth EDF. This is part of what is known as the fish road, which links up Burkina Faso and Mali via the inland delta of the river Niger, and it plays an important part in the regions trade in crop and livestock products.
Fifth and sixth EDFs
Grant: ECU I 000 000
Special loan: ECU 6 000 000
The project aims to strengthen the regions human resource by increasing access to tertiary education for students from all the regions countries and territories, by providing student accommodation at three major tertiary educational institutions - the University of the West Indies (UWI), the College of Arts, Science and Technology (CAST) and the Cultural Training Centre (CTC). The present shortage of accommodation acts as a major constraint to attendance by students from throughout the region.
The principal component of the project consist of construction of residential hostels with a total of 1080 beds and daytime accommodation for a further 500 students at the six campuses concerned in Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.