|Better Farming Series 11- Cattle Breeding (FAO - INADES, 1977, 63 p.)|
|How cattle reproduce|
Bulls and cows must be carefully chosen because the calves take after their parents.
· Cows that give a lot of milk usually produce females that will also give a lot of milk. This quality is passed on from mother to daughter.
Cows that grow and put on weight quickly usually produce males and females that will grow and gain weight quickly. This good quality is passed on from the mother to her calves.
· Bulls that grow and gain weight quickly, that have well developed bones and muscles, that are not vicious, usually produce calves that grow and gain weight quickly, that hew well developed bones and muscles, and are not vicious. Calves often have the good qualities of the bulls.
Bulls born from a cow that gave a lot of milk often produce females that will also have a lot of milk. The good qualities of the bull's mother are often passed on to the bull's daughter.
Choose breeding animals
· that are well formed.
Sell all poorly developed animals.
Keep animals with plenty of muscle, especially of the back and rump, because they give the best meat. This quality will be passed on to the calf.
· that gain weight
· that are resistant to disease.
If a cow has little resistance to sleeping sickness (see page 36) her calf will also have little resistance.
· that give plenty of milk.
Such cows can easily feed their calves.
You can also milk the cow and drink the milk or sell it.
The good qualities of the bull and the cow are often passed on to their calves.
The bad qualities of the bull and the cow are also passed on to their calves. So it is very important to make a good choice of bull and cows.
It is easier to improve the herd by a good choice of bull. A cow passes on her good qualities to only one calf each year. A bull passes on his qualities to all the calves of the herd,