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Gender Related Dimensions of Racial Discrimination: General Recommendation1

1 The text is available on the website of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights ( and can be obtained under the symbol: CERD/C/56/Misc.21/Rev.3.

The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination adopted at its 56th session General Recommendation 25 on Gender Related Dimensions of Racial Discrimination

“Recognizing that some forms of racial discrimination have a unique and specific impact on women, the Committee will endeavour in its work to take into account gender factors or issues which may be inter-linked with racial discrimination. The Committee believes that its practices in this regard would benefit from developing, in conjunction with the States Parties, a more systematic and consistent approach to evaluating and monitoring racial discrimination against women, as well as the disadvantages, obstacles and difficulties women face in the full exercise and enjoyment of their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights on grounds of race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin”.

“Accordingly, the Committee, when examining forms of racial discrimination, intends to enhance its efforts to integrate gender perspectives, incorporate gender analysis, and encourage the use of gender-inclusive language in its sessional working methods, including its review of reports submitted by States Parties, concluding observations, early warning mechanisms and urgent action procedures, and general recommendations”.

“Noting that reports submitted by States Parties often do not contain specific or sufficient information on the implementation of the Convention with respect to women, States Parties are requested to describe, as far as possible in quantitative and qualitative terms, factors affecting and difficulties experienced in ensuring for women the equal enjoyment, free from racial discrimination, of rights under the Convention. Data which has been categorized by race or ethnic origin, and which is then disaggregated by gender within those racial or ethnic groups, will allow the States Parties and the Committee to identify, compare and take steps to remedy forms of racial discrimination against women that may otherwise go unnoticed and unaddressed”.