Cover Image
close this bookCommunity Emergency Preparedness: A Manual for Managers and Policy-Makers (WHO, 1999, 141 p.)
close this folderChapter 4 Emergency planning
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentAn emergency planning process
View the documentPlanning group review
View the documentPotential problem analysis
View the documentResource analysis
View the documentRoles and responsibilities
View the documentManagement structure
View the documentStrategies and systems
View the documentContent of community emergency plans
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences


· Emergency planning should be based on an assessment of vulnerability.

· An emergency plan is an agreed set of arrangements for responding to and recovering from emergencies; it describes responsibilities, management structures, strategies, and resources.

· The emergency planning process can be applied to any community, organization, or activity.

· The process of planning is as important as a written emergency plan.

· Emergency planning should be performed by an appropriate planning group.

· Potential problem analysis can determine problems, causes, preventive strategies, response and recovery strategies, and trigger events.

· The resources required to support preparedness and response and recovery strategies should be analysed.

· The roles and responsibilities of people and organizations must be defined and described.

· A management structure for emergency response and recovery should be developed based on normal management structures.

· A series of strategies and systems must be developed for response and recovery, including:

- communications;
- search and rescue;
- health and medical;
- social welfare;
- transport and lifelines;
- police and security;
- alerting;
- command, control, and coordination;
- information management;
- resource management;
- evacuation;
- hazardous materials.