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close this bookCommunity Emergency Preparedness: A Manual for Managers and Policy-Makers (WHO, 1999, 141 p.)
close this folderChapter 4 Emergency planning
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentAn emergency planning process
View the documentPlanning group review
View the documentPotential problem analysis
View the documentResource analysis
View the documentRoles and responsibilities
View the documentManagement structure
View the documentStrategies and systems
View the documentContent of community emergency plans
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences

Content of community emergency plans

The content of a community emergency plan depends on:

- the hazards the community faces;
- the types of community vulnerability;
- the culture of the community;
- the means of organizing emergency management chosen by the community;
- the organization of emergency management at the provincial and national levels.

Table 25 shows some possible elements of a community emergency plan.

Table 25. Possible content of a community emergency response and recovery plan




1. Introduction

· Aim, objectives, scope, authority

· Related documents

· (refer to appendix)

· Definitions and abbreviations

· (refer to appendix)

· Vulnerability assessment

· (refer to appendix)

2. Management structure

· Emergency powers

· Powers to release or commandeer resources

· Control

· Relationship between organizations and organizational levels

· Command

· Management of ECCs

· Communication

· Management of debriefs and review

· Emergency coordination centres

· Post-emergency review

3. Organization roles

· Description by role

· Description of roles and responsibilities

· Description by organization

· Management of ECCs

· Emergency control centres (ECCs)

4. Information management

· Alerting

· Means of gathering information

· Damage assessment

· Means of handling information

· Information processing

· Types of information released

· Public information

· Reporting to higher authorities

· Reporting

· Language interpretation

· Translation and interpretation

· Resource analysis

5. Resource management

· Resource coordination

· Resource deployment and monitoring

· Administration

· Accounting for expenditure

· Financial procedures

· External assistance (provincial, national, and international)

6. Specific plans

· Search and rescue

· Specific plans of action for specific aspects of response and recovery

· Evacuation

· Health and medical

· Social welfare

· Hazardous materials

· Transport and lifelines

· Police and security


· Issue history and amendment list

· Means of distributing and maintaining the emergency plan

· Distribution list

· Definitions and abbreviations

· Short list of essential terms and abbreviations, and their meanings

· Summary of vulnerability assessment

· Maps

· Description of likely effects of emergencies

· Planning groups

· Hazard, community, and vulnerability maps

· Emergency contacts

· Names and contact details of relevant people and organizations