Cover Image
close this bookPrimary School Agriculture: Volume I: Pedagogy (GTZ, 1985, 144 p.)
close this folderPart II: Teaching methods
close this folder1. The scheme of work
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 The growth cycle of crops as a means to devising the scheme of work
View the document1.2 The principle of integration
View the document1.3 The physical strength of school children

1.3 The physical strength of school children

Children must not be overworked during practical school farm work. Allowing for repeaters and for children who start school late, each class will have a few pupils who are considerably older then the majority. If one assumes that school farm work really starts in class 4, then the children doing farm work are between 9 and 13 years old. Many of them are still very small and cannot do hard work over a long time.

Class age of pupils

crops to be farmed

four 9-11 years

pineapple, maize on the flat, nursery work with coffee, cocoa, oil palm, eucalyptus, colocasia and xanthosoma

five 10-12 years

cassava, groundnuts, melons, pumpkins, maize, sweet potatoes

six 11-13 years

yams, crops on ridges or mounds, transplanting tree seedlings, contract work on cocoa and coffee farms

Therefore, the area of land per pupil must be small, and should not exceed 20 - 30 m². Crops that require heavy tilling (e.g. digging deep holes, serious ridging) and hard work while they are growing (e.g. staking) or at harvest time (digging tubers or groundnuts from heavy, wet soil) should be farmed in the upper two classes only. Nursery work, growing pine-apples and maize farming on the flat can be done with younger children since the work is relatively light. The table above summarizes these recommendations.