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close this bookPrimary School Agriculture: Volume I: Pedagogy (GTZ, 1985, 144 p.)
close this folderPart II: Teaching methods
close this folder4. Outdoor activities
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.1 Farm work
View the document4.2 Observational activities
View the document4.3 Experimentation


In this section a number of problems relating to farm work, observation and experimentation will be discussed. Before going into detail a few general remarks are in order. During all or part of the year, outdoor activities can be unpleasant simply because of the weather. Heat and humidity affect pupils not only while they are actually working on the farm but also during observational activities. Therefore, keep the time spent out in the open as short as possible.

Use it only for - necessary demonstrations, - assigning pupils to their work areas, -doing the actual work, observation and recording.

Anything else should be done in the classroom, e.g. calculation of averages, of areas, additions, writing short reports, etc.