|Soil Conservation Techniques for Hillside Farms (Peace Corps, 1986, 96 p.)|
1st. 3 - 6 months:
1) Settling in, find and fix up living quarters, meet people and make friends
2) Work an learning local customs and language
3) Get acquainted with work zone, communities, climate, topography, crops, technology, problems.
4) Identify at least three communities as target areas.
5) Plant demonstration lot perhaps in the form of a vegetable garden in each of the communities; in own yard, with interested collaborator, or as a school project. Use live barriers, contour ditches, contour planting beds, organic compost, etc.
6) Become familiar with host agency, its resources, and its policies, meet fellow extentionists.
7) Develop reputation as interested, responsible extensionist by attending host agency and community meetings, visiting farmers and keeping informed of seasonal agricultural activities. Help cut farmers in areas other than soil conservation (pest control, fertilizer applications, cooperative management, etc.).
8) Formation of ideas about best potential work strategies.
9) Look for interested collaborators to try out soil conservation techniques.
2nd 3- 6 months:
1) Maintain reputation as interested, responsible extensionist.
2) Discuss specific possibilities for soil observation work with fax. and other extensionists, begin promotional efforts such as introductory lectures, simple demonstrations (See Apendix 5), field trips, etc.
3) Select at least one collaborator from each of the communities and help them carry out some conservation practices on their own land.
4) Encourage these initial collaborators to help seek out and teach other interested farmers.
3rd. 3- 6 months:
1) Keep demonstration lots well maintained, use them to motivate and to teach others to start more demonstration lots.
2) Keep records to measure success of demonstration lots, publicize successes in the communities involved and at host agency meetings.
3) Make sure host agency extentionists, collaborators and other interested farmers understand techniques used; plan more formal courses, demonstrations, or field trips.
4) Constantly be on the lookout for new collaborators, have the initial collaborators help organize interested farmers into groups to receive visits and demonstrations at regularly scheduled times. Encourage initial collaborators to work as volunteer extentionists with other interested farmers.
4th 3- 6 months:
1) Work with larger number of collaborators
2) Organize farmers so that future extentionists will already have distinct groups to visit.
3) Make sure farmers and other host agency extensionist are well-trained to be able to continue designing and building soil conservation structures.
4) Publicize work based on records kept; publicize at agency and community meetings: local, regional or national fairs; radio, newspapers.
5) Train incoming Peace Crops Volunteers.
Depending on the area, the receptivity of the people, the number of growing seasons per year, etc.' this may already be the end of the two year period. If work has proceeded rapidly, all this may have taken as little as one year. In case any time remains, it can be spent trying additional soil conservation techniques (remember that different techniques reinforce each other when combined); helping develop the farmers into more stable, better organized groups; giving more formal training courses for both farmers and extentionists; expanding the work to other communities; or working on another aspect of agricultural development, such as youth organizations, improving marketing, crop diversification, etc.