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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Planting Trees - An Illustrated Technical Guide and Training Manual (ILO - UNDP, 1993, 190 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contents1. Planning a plantation
Open this folder and view contents2. Preparing the planting site
Open this folder and view contents3. Handling seedlings
Open this folder and view contents4. Planting techniques
Open this folder and view contents5. Adapting planting techniques to different site conditions
Open this folder and view contents6. Maintaining plantations
Open this folder and view contents7. Planting trees outside woodlots and forests
Open this folder and view contents8. Organizing the work
Open this folder and view contents9. Working conditions
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices - Technical sheets
View the documentSome useful guides/handbooks
View the documentTitles in the series of training elements and technical guides for SPWP workers


Why plant trees

There are many reasons to plant trees:

- to grow useful products for home use and consumption - for example, poles for construction purposes, fuelwood, fruit, fodder, nuts and oils.

- to grow products to sell - for example, poles, fuelwood and charcoal, sawlogs, pulpwood, fruits, oils and resin.

- to keep water and wind from carrying away soil, to improve degraded land and to maintain soil fertility.

- to create shade and shelter from high winds or just to be able to enjoy their beauty.

It may take years before seedlings planted today grow into big trees. Therefore, planting trees is for the benefit not only of those who do it but also for future generations.

About this manual

This guide contains the basic information needed to plan, organize and carry out the planting of trees by hand. There are many differences between countries and regions regarding tree species grown, the climate, the soils, the tools available, the people, traditions and other factors. Tree planting projects vary greatly in their size, methods and type of produce that will be grown. Since mere is no substitute for local experience, this small booklet can only provide general information which has to be adapted to local conditions. The present manual can serve as a basis for local manuals in a number of ways:

- it draws attention to all the aspects that need to be considered in tree planting;

- it provides a range of technical solutions to choose from for local use;

- it gives an example of how the subject can be presented in a clear, easily accessible way e.g. by having a clear page lay-out, a limited text without technical jargon, a number of high-quality illustrations and the breakdown of operations into a sequence of steps.

The ILO welcomes reproduction and translation of all or part of this manual (please see copyright information on the page facing the table of contents). This booklet replaces SPWP Training Element and Technical Guide Number 7, Planting Techniques. Financial support was provided by the Policies and Programmes for Development Branch of the Employment and Development Department, ILO. It was written by Kicki Johansson, ILO Industrial Activities Branch and illustrated by Anja Laengst, external collaborator.

Why plant trees?

Products for home consumption

Products to sell

Soil and water conservation

Shade and shelter