2.3 The historical evolution of NGO/government relationships
When NGOs were largely concerned with care and welfare
activities they carried out their work in fields where government did not, or
was unable, to operate. Many of the universal and specialised public services
which are taken for granted today were originally pioneered by concerned
individuals acting voluntarily to take action.
The necessary financial and human resources were provided by
members, the public or other agencies to enable the identified job to be done.
But NGOs would often seek to get the government to take over
programmes they had initiated, and to widen their scope and impact in ways that
only governments can. This was one aspect of how care and welfare was linked to
change and development. When governments adopted policies, provided financial
support or contracted NGOs to deliver services they had initiated, NGOs regarded
such responses as