|Where Women Have No Doctor - A Health Guide for Women (Hesperian Foundation, 1997, 600 p.)|
|Chapter 10: Staying Healthy|
¨ Different germs are spread in different ways. For example, tuberculosis (TB) germs are spread through the air. Lice and scabies are spread through clothes and bed covers.
Many illnesses are spread by germs that pass from one person to another. Here are some of the most common ways that germs are spread:
· by touching an infected person.
· through clothes, cloths, or bed covers.
· through the air. For example, when someone coughs, germs in small drops of spit (saliva) can spread to other people or objects.
· by eating contaminated food.
· through insect bites or animal bites.
Cleanliness in the community (sanitation), cleanliness in the home, and personal cleanliness are all important to prevent these sicknesses by stopping the spread of germs. For example:
What could have prevented the familys illness?
If the family had used any of these precautions, the spread of illness could have been prevented:
· if the man had used a latrine or toilet.
· if the pig had not been allowed to run free.
· if the mother had not used her skirt to wipe the childs hands and then touched the food.
· if the mother had washed her hands after touching her child and before preparing food.