Cover Image
close this bookReversing the Spiral - The Population, Agriculture, and Environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa (WB, 1994, 320 p.)
close this folder5. The role of women in production systems
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe female - headed household syndrome
View the documentThe gender division of rural labor and fanning systems
View the documentThe separation of budgets
View the documentWomen, food security, and nutrition
View the documentFarm technology and gender
View the documentWomen's time use and productivity
View the documentNotes


1. In Lesotho, about 60 percent of all males aged 20-44 are employed in South African mines (Plate and others 1987).

2. Men's remittances are often small' since they themselves are poorly remunerated, have to pay for their own food and lodging, may have taken a second wife, or prefer to retain their savings for major purchases of their own. Remittances tend to be used to purchase essential food supplies. Sometimes they are used to buy fertilizers and hire labor. Only rarely are remittances sufficient to permit investment in labor saving machinery or livestock

3. Household size; gender and age composition; resource endowment; differential gender access to resources, services, equipment, credit, information, employment, markets, etc.