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close this bookScience and Technology in the Transformation of the World (UNU, 1982, 496 p.)
close this folderSession V: From intellectual dependence to creativity
close this folderJoseph Needham's contribution to the history of science and technology in China
close this folderGregory Blue
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1. Needham (1973), p.1.

2. Lardreau (1976), p.70; from the pen of one of the widely publicized Parisian "nouveaux philosopher."

3. Needham et al. (1954-). Hereafter abbreviated as SCC.

4. A bibliography of Needham's publications until 1973 (but excluding articles on biochemistry, experimental embryology, and morphology) can be found in Teich e Young (1973), pp. 472-478. A list of works published since 1973 is included as an appendix to this paper.

5. Needham (1958).

6. Needham et al. (1960).

7. Lu and Needham (1980).

8. Needham (1969, 1970a, and 1970b).

9. Needham (1967).

10. In fact, an abridgement of SCC, to be published in five volumes, has been undertaken by Colin Ronan, in consultation with J. Needham. The first volume, which summarizes vols. I and II of SCC, appeared in 1978; see Ronan and Needham (1978).

11. Needham (1967), p.83.

12. On this point see, for instance, the remarks in Needham (1967), pp. 110-112.

13. From N. Sivin's introduction to Nakayama and Sivin (1973), p. xxxi.

14. This point is brought out clearly in Needham (1964).

15. Bernal (1954), pp. 302-303.

16. See SCC Vol. IV, Pt. 1, pp. 229-334; for example, p.333, "The Chinese were theorising about the declination before Europe even knew of the polarity (end of the +12th century)."

17. Needham (1964), p.255.

18. Needham (1976), p.2.

19. Hessen (1931).

20. Geymonat (1977) provides a tightly argued, lucid analysis of various questions related to this problem.

21. SCC, Vol. III, p. 168.

22. See especially Needham (1967).

23. Needham (1967), p. 93.

24. See, for example, Said (1978).

25. For a survey of the relevant literature, see Lu and Needham (1980).