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close this bookParticipatory Methods in Community-based Coastal Resource Management - Volume 1 - Introductory Papers (IIRR, 1998)
close this folderCoastal communities living with complexity and crisis in search for control
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCoastal communities
View the documentComplexity
View the documentCrisis
View the documentWho owns this sea?
View the documentCoastal resource management
View the documentCommunity-based coastal resource management


Ecosystems and coastal communities are in crisis due to overexploitation and overpopulation. Much of this crisis is due to lack of control of resources, however, local people can take control.

The devastation of coastal resources has been increasing in recent years. Degradation of coral reefs, mangrove forests and estuaries is caused by: poverty driven over-exploitation, destructive fishing methods, pollution, erosion and other impacts of land-based "development".

Few coral reefs near populated areas are healthy. They have lost biological and structural diversity and the abundance of life they should support. Many mangrove forests are gone. Many estuaries have become sewers. It might be argued that the main crisis is that of control.