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close this bookThe Courier N° 123 Sept - October 1990 - Dossier Higher Education - Country Reports: Barbados - (EC Courier, 1990, 104 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderMeeting point
View the documentSalim Ahmed Salim, OAU Secretary-General
close this folderACP-EEC
View the documentSymposium: Trade issues in the context of Lomé IV and 1992
View the documentExtracts from the reports and recommendations
View the documentFisheries and aquaculture: new guidelines and new challenges
close this folderCountry reports
close this folderBarbados: Basking in the economic sunshine
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAn interview with Erskine SANDIFORD, Prime Minister of Barbados
View the documentAn interview with Wesley HALL, Minister of Tourism and Sports
View the documentAn interview with Warwick FRANKLIN Minister of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
View the documentAn Interview with Evelyn GREAVES, Minister of Trade, Industry and Commerce
View the documentBarbados-EEC cooperation
View the documentKey facts on Barbados
View the documentBarbados then, and Barbados now
close this folderSwaziland: Greener pastures
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentInterview with Prime Minister Obed DIamin on prospects for the 1990s
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View the documentSwaziland and the European Community partners in cooperation
close this folderACP Regional cooperation
View the documentBiennial of Contemporary Bantu Art: African art revived
close this folderEurope
View the documentEuropean energy technologies - THERMIE Programme
close this folderDossier
View the documentHigher education in the ACP States
View the documentHigher education and development
View the documentThe University and development in sub-Saharan Africa - the case of Makerere in Uganda
View the documentHigher education in sub-Saharan Africa: crisis in growth or structural crisis?
View the documentEducation and training in the Caribbean
View the documentTrinidad and Tobago: the technical training institutes
close this folderTraining schemes under Lomé II and III
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentLomé II and III: funds allocated to training-related operations
View the documentThe links between training and production: the example of Senegal
View the documentEducation and training schemes under Lomé IV
close this folderClose-up
View the documentJamaica: developing sheep and goat farming
close this folderDeveloping world
View the documentHuman Rights - equal ones!
View the documentReligion in Africa
View the documentPopulation growth - can it be slowed down?
View the documentDevelopment report 1990: lifting 400 million people out of poverty
close this folderCulture and the arts
View the document“The Basin”: prize-winner of the Short Story Competition
View the document18th Century life in the West Indies: the life and works of Agostino Brunias
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View the documentAgricultural research in developing countries
View the documentThe curier’s mailbag
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View the documentThe convention at work
View the documentGeneral information
View the documentEuropean community
View the documentBooks
View the documentAcknowledgements

General information

GSP policy for the 1990s

The Generalised System of Preferences, designed 20 years ago to promote industrialisation and development in the Third World, is due to be reviewed this year.

A number of findings emerge from an analysis of the way it works:

1. Erosion of the preferential margin, in particular by the successive reductions in customs duties negotiated under GATT, has made GSP less attractive than it was.

2. The system changed from being an alternative to a supplementary system to GATT when the developing countries stepped up their involvement in the multilateral negotiations and their integration in the world trade system became one of the aims of these negotiations.

3. GSP’s usefulness as a supplementary instrument is attenuated by the fact that the Community scheme is complicated to manage and short on stability and transparency.

An instrument of this kind is still a necessary part of the Community’s development policy, but it will have to be revised in the light of developments since its inception if it is to work properly.

The idea of the proposed guidelines is to make GSP attractive again so it can go on doing a useful job. Experience suggests that this means simplifying it, first of all, in particular by doing away with the quantitative restrictions hampering utilisation, and ensuring that there is a proper system for taking the sensitivity of products and the competitive position of countries into account.

And this means making a special effort to improve the way the LDCs use the system, particularly the rules of origin.

Lastly, a look should be taken at the consequences of expanding international trade to non-traditional sectors- a trend clearly reflected in the extension of the sectors covered by the multilateral negotiations going on under GATT and one which should also be taken into account in the general framework of cooperation with the developing nations.

The Community should revise GSP in line with the developing countries’ more active involvement in the outcome of the Uruguay Round and their greater acceptance of multilateral discipline. The most advanced of the developing countries also think that the countries of Eastern Europe should open their markets to the LDCs.

A comparable degree of harmonisation of donor country policies should also be sought to ensure a fairer spread of the costs of liberalisation.

The Commission feels, therefore, that the new scheme for the other developing countries cannot really be finalised until the results of the Uruguay Round are known - which means carrying over the 1990 system, on a provisional basis, into 1991. And the improved rules of origin arrangements for the LDCs will be put into effect in 1991 as a contribution to the Conference of Paris scheduled for September 1990.