|The Organization of First Aid in the Workplace (ILO, 1999, 70 p.)|
|1. Why first aid and the organization of first aid?|
|1.1. What is first aid?|
|1.2. The need to prevent accidents|
|1.3. If an accident occurs|
|1.4. An organized approach to first aid|
|2. What first aid must do|
|3. Responsibilities and participation|
|3.1. Responsibilities of the employer|
|3.1.1. Equipment, supplies and facilities|
|3.1.2. Human resources|
|3.2. Workers participation|
|4. How first aid is organized|
|4.1. Variables to be considered in the assessment of first-aid requirements|
|4.1.1. Type of work and associated risks|
|4.1.2. Size and layout of the enterprise|
|4.1.3. Other enterprise characteristics|
|4.1.4. Availability of other health services|
|4.2. First aid in the context of the general organization of safety and health in the enterprise|
|4.2.1. Occupational health services|
|4.2.2. Safety and health committees and safety delegates|
|4.2.3. The labour inspectorate|
|4.2.4. Other institutions|
|4.3. First-aid personnel|
|4.3.1. Functional tasks|
|4.3.2. Type and number of first-aid personnel required|
|4.3.3. Advice to, and supervision of, first-aid personnel|
|4.4. The role of the occupational health physician or nurse|
|4.5. Equipment, supplies and facilities for first aid|
|4.5.1. Rescue equipment|
|4.5.2. First-aid boxes, first-aid kits and similar containers|
|4.5.3. Specialized equipment and supplies|
|4.5.4. The first-aid room|
|4.5.5. Means for communicating the alert|
|4.6. Planning for access to additional care|
|5. The training of first-aid personnel|
|5.1. General considerations|
|5.2. Basic training|
|5.2.2. Delivery of first aid|
|5.3. Advanced training|
|5.4. Training material and institutions|
|6. Relation to other health-related services|
|Annex I. Examples of first-aid legislation|
|1. New Zealand|
|2. United Kingdom|
|3. Federal Republic of Germany|
|Annex II. Be ready for emergencies1|
|Annex III. Rescue equipment: An example|
|Annex IV. First-aid boxes|
|3. New Zealand|
|4. United Kingdom|
|Annex V. Antidotes: Some useful examples|
|Occupational Safety and Health Series|
All first-aid treatment should be recorded in a first-aid book, which is kept by the first-aid personnel. The information to be recorded includes:
(a) the accident (time, location, occurrence);
(b) the type and severity of the injury;
(c) the first aid delivered;
(d) the additional medical care requested;
(e) the name of the victim;
(f) the names of witnesses and of other workers involved, especially in the transporting of the victim.
The first-aid record does not normally replace the report which the safety official will establish on the accident. The latter is intended for review by both management and the labour inspectorate, or its representative, whereas the first-aid treatment record is an internal report which will provide information concerning the health of the victim, as well as contributing to safety at work.
1 United Kingdom, Health and Safety Executive: Approved code of practice for the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations, 1981, in First aid at work, Health and Safety Series booklet HS(R) 11 (London, Her Majestys Stationery Office, 1981).
2 Unfallverhvorschrift (UVV): Erste Hilfe (VBG 109). Editors note: This book was written before German reunification, but references to the Federal Republic are generally correct for Germany after reunification as well.
3 Belgium, Minist de lEmploi et du Travail: Rement gral pour la protection du Travail (RGPT) (periodically updated publication).
4 See ILO: Accident prevention (Geneva, 2nd edition, 1983), pp. 129-132.
5 United Kingdom, Health and Safety Executive: Approved code of practice for the Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations, 1981, op. cit., p. 5.
6 Belgium, Minist de lEmploi et du Travail: RGPT, op. cit., s. III.
7 UVV: Erste Hilfe, op. cit., p. 4. Editors note: see also note 2 above.
8 Government of New Zealand: The Factories and Commercial Premises (First Aid) Regulations 1985 (Wellington, Government Printer, 1985).