Cover Image
close this bookSustaining the Future. Economic, Social, and Environmental Change in Sub-Saharan Africa (UNU, 1996, 365 p.)
View the documentNote to the reader from the UNU
close this folderPreface
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBackground
View the documentRegional environmental futures
View the documentReferences
View the documentOpening address by the Hon. Minister of Environment, Science and Technology
close this folderIntroduction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEconomy and society: Development issues
View the documentEnvironmental issues and futures
View the documentEnvironment and resource management
View the documentInstitutional issues
View the documentEnvironment and development in Ghana
View the documentRecommendations
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 1: Economy and society: development issues
close this folderPoverty, vulnerability, and rural development
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe nature of poverty
View the documentRural poverty and development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentAspects of economy and society in SS Africa
View the documentVulnerability
View the documentPoverty and economic reform
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderEnvironmental management and social equity
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe key notions
View the documentThe political-economic context of contemporary environmental management
View the documentSocial equity and environmental management: Some examples
View the documentThe way forward
View the documentReferences
close this folderIntroduction to population, resources, and sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentInternal and international migration
View the documentNatural resources
View the documentHuman resources
View the documentPopulation, agricultural land, and food supply
View the documentPopulation, economy, and sustainable development
View the documentReferences
close this folderUrbanization and industrialization: What future for Sub-Saharan Africa?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe continuing rapid rate and scale of urbanization
View the documentThe urban environment
View the documentThe limitations of industrialization
View the documentThe impact of structural adjustment
View the documentSub-Saharan Africa as the global periphery
View the documentImplications for urbanization and industrialization
View the documentReferences
close this folderUrban environmental management and issues in Africa south of the Sahara
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe process of urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentThe nature of environmental problems
View the documentCauses of the current problems
View the documentThe way forward
View the documentConcluding remarks
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 2: Environmental issues and futures
close this folderTowards sustainable environmental and resource management futures in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe concept of sustainable development and its implications
View the documentDriving forces
View the documentLevels of environmental effects of human activities and sustainability concerns
View the documentConstraints on sustainable development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentRecommendations
View the documentReferences
close this folderDrought, desertification, and water management in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentDroughts in Sub-Saharan Africa and their implications for planning and development
View the documentDesertification
View the documentLand degradation and management of soil and water
View the documentConclusion
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentReferences
close this folderTropical deforestation and its impact on soil, environment, and agricultural productivity
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentTRF and its conversion
View the documentSoils of the TRF ecosystem
View the documentForest conversion and soil productivity
View the documentDeforestation and the emission of radiatively active gases
View the documentDeforestation and hydrological balance
View the documentSustainable use of the TRF ecosystem
View the documentResearch needs
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe coastal zone and oceanic problems of Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe value of the coastal zone and oceans
View the documentThe main problems and their causes
View the documentRemedies
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 3: Environment and resource management
close this folderAgricultural development in the age of sustainability: Crop production
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe ecological zones of Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentGeneral crop production constraints and potentials for overcoming them
View the documentTechnologies with potential for sustainable resource management
View the documentWomen's underexploited potential
View the documentSuggested approaches to sustainable production
View the documentSummary
View the documentConclusions
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentReferences
close this folderAgricultural development in the age of sustainability: Livestock production
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLivestock production, productivity, and feed resources
View the documentThe effect of government policy on livestock production
View the documentSuggested solutions
View the documentSummary and conclusions
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe fuelwood/energy crisis in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentPopulation and environmental concerns
View the documentThe primary energy sector in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentProblems of the energy sector in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the documentThe socio-economic implications of the fuelwood crisis
View the documentStrategies to combat the fuelwood crisis Strategies to combst the fuelwood crisis
View the documentNew and renewable energy development
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe case for mineral resources management and development in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 4: Institutional issues
close this folderModes of international and regional research cooperation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe global change programmes
View the documentNetworking
View the documentEnvironmental governance
View the documentOutlook
View the documentReferences
close this folderNational, regional, and international cooperation for sustainable environmental and resource management: The place and roles of NGOs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentInformation sharing
View the documentPartnerships with other institutions
View the documentDialogues with governmental and industry organs
View the documentLinking with policy institutions
View the documentWorking with monitoring institutions for effective implementation and accountability
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderPart 5: Environment and development in Ghana
close this folderInstitutional issues on the environment and resource management with reference to Ghana
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentEarly developments
View the documentThe Stockholm Conference and after
View the documentThe Environmental Action Plan (EAP)
View the documentInstitutional problems and issues
View the documentThe implementation of the Environmental Action Plan
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderThe environmental impact and sustainability of plantations in Sub-Saharan Africa: Ghana's experiences with oil-palm plantations
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentOverview of the plantation system in the Sub-Sahara
View the documentThe evolution of plantations in Ghana
View the documentThe positive impacts of the plantations
View the documentAdverse environmental impacts and sustainability
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
View the documentContributors

References

Benneh, G. 1993. Population, environment and sustainable development in Africa. Paper presented at the General Conference and 25th Anniversary Celebration of the AAU, University of Ghana, Legon, 13-18 January.

Chapman, J. D. 1969. Interactions between man and his resources. In: Committee on Resources and Man, NAS-NRC, Resources and Man: A Study and Recommendations. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, pp. 31-42.

Constanza, R. 1991. The ecological economics of sustainability: Investing in natural capital. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Seraty, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 83-92.

Daly, H. E. 1991. From empty world to full world economics: Recognising an historical turning point in economic development. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Serafy, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 29-40.

Droste, B. von and P. Dogse. 1991. Sustainable development: The role of investment. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Seraty, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 71-82.

Dube, S. C. 1988. Modernization and Development - The Search for Alternative Paradigms. Tokyo: UNU, and London: Zed Books.

Goodland, R. 1991. The case that the world has reached limits: More precisely that current throughput growth in global economy cannot be sustained. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Serafy, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 15-28.

Goodland, R., H. Daly, S. el Serafy, and B. von Droste (eds.) 1991. Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO.

Holdgren, J. P., G. C. Daily, and P. R. Ehrlich. 1995. The meaning of sustainability: Bio-geophysical aspects. In: M. Munasinghe and W. Shearer (eds.), Defining and Measuring Sustainability: The Biophysical Foundations. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, and Washington D.C.: World Bank.

Hoogvelt, A. M. M. 1982. The Third World in Global Development. London: Macmillan Education.

IUCN/UNEP/WWF. 1991. Caring for the Earth: A Strategy for Sustainable Living. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/UNEP/WWF.

Jacobs, M. 1988. The Tropical Rain Forest: A First Encounter, edited by R. Kruk et al. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

MECCA (Morogoro Environmental Charter Consulting Agency). 1992. Environment and Development. Vienna: MECCA.

Okigbo, B. N. 1982. Agriculture and food production in tropical Africa. In: The Development Effectiveness of Food Aid in Africa. New York: Agricultural Development Council, pp. 11 68.

Ominde, S. H. 1977. The integration of environmental and development planning for ecological crisis areas in Africa. In: K. W. Deutsch (ed.), Eco-social Systems and Eco-politics. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 115-130.

Pearce, E. et al. 1990. Sustainable Development: Economics and Environment in the Third World. London: Earthscan Publications.

Pomeroy, D. and M. W. Service.1986. Tropical Ecology. Harlow, England: Longman.

Sachs, I. 1973. Eco-development: A contribution to the definition of development styles for Latin America. United Nations Symposium on Population Resources and Environment, Stockholm, 26 September 5 October (E/CO NF 60/SYM -111/26, 18 September 1973).

---- 1992. Transition strategies for the 21st century. Nature and Resources 28(1): 4-17.

Serafy, S. el. 1991. Sustainability, income measurement and growth. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Serafy, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 59-70.

Tinbergen, J. and R. Hueting. 1991. GNP and market prices: Wrong signals for sustainable economic success that mask environmental destruction. In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. el Serafy, and B. von Droste (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development Building on Brundtland. Paris: UNESCO, pp. 51 58.

Todaro, M. P.1986. Economic Development in the Third World. New York: Longman.

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). 1992. Saving Our Planet: Challenges and Hopes. The State of the Environment (1972-1992). Nairobi: UNEP.

UNESCO/FAO. 1968. Conservation and Rational Use of the Environment. Report to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC), 44th Session, Doc. E/4458.

WCED (World Commission on Environment and Development). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wood, W. B. 1990. Tropical forest deforestation. Global Environmental Change, December: 23-41.