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close this bookReversing the Spiral - The Population, Agriculture, and Environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa (WB, 1994, 320 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAcronyms and abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Agricultural stagnation and environmental
Open this folder and view contents3. The demographic dimension
Open this folder and view contents4. The Nexus of population growth, agricultural stagnation, and environmental degradation
Open this folder and view contents5. The role of women in production systems
Open this folder and view contents6. A framework for action
Open this folder and view contents7. Reducing population growth
Open this folder and view contents8. Promoting sustainable agricultural development
Open this folder and view contents9. Infrastructure development, migration, and urbanization
Open this folder and view contents10. Managing the natural resource base
Open this folder and view contents11.Conclusion
View the documentStatistical appendix
View the documentBibliography
View the documentThe Authors



Kevin M. Cleaver
GA. Schreiber

The World Bank
Washington, D.C

© 1994 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433

All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing November 1994

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this study are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Cover photo: World Bank Photo Library (R. Witlin).

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Cleaver, Kevin M.

Reversing the spiral: the population, agriculture, and environment nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa / Kevin M. Cleaver and GA. Schreiber.

p. cm.—(Directions in development)

Includes bibliographical references
ISBN 0-8213-2769-0

1. Human ecology—Africa, Sub-Saharan.
2. Agriculture and state Africa, Sub-Saharan
3. Agriculture-Environmental aspects— Africa, Sub-Saharan.
4. Africa, Sub-Saharan—Economic conditions—1960—
5. Africa, SubSaharan—Environmental conditions.
6. Africa, Sub-Saharan—Social conditions—1960—

I. Schreiber, GA., 1944
II. Title.
III Series: Directions in development (Washington, D.C.)