Cover Image
close this bookReversing the Spiral - The Population, Agriculture, and Environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa (WB, 1994, 320 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAcronyms and abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Agricultural stagnation and environmental
Open this folder and view contents3. The demographic dimension
Open this folder and view contents4. The Nexus of population growth, agricultural stagnation, and environmental degradation
Open this folder and view contents5. The role of women in production systems
Open this folder and view contents6. A framework for action
Open this folder and view contents7. Reducing population growth
Open this folder and view contents8. Promoting sustainable agricultural development
Open this folder and view contents9. Infrastructure development, migration, and urbanization
Open this folder and view contents10. Managing the natural resource base
Open this folder and view contents11.Conclusion
View the documentStatistical appendix
View the documentBibliography
View the documentThe Authors
Expanding the text here will generate a large amount of data for your browser to display


This study has benefited from considerable input from a number of our colleagues both within and outside the World Rank. Roland Michelitsch conducted much of the statistical analysis summarized in the Supplement to this volume. Sandy Gain, Pushpa Schwartz, and S. Yalamanchili contributed statistical material.

An initial report setting out the hypotheses to be studied was the subject of a seminar held at the World Bank in June 1990, chaired by Michel Petit. Subsequently, seminars were held with the Country Departments of the Africa Region of the World Bank. A formal review in the World Bank of an initial draft report in [December 1991 was chaired by Michel Petit. Drafts have been presented to representatives of African governments and development agencies as well as of nongovernmental organizations at the West and Central African Rain Forest Conservation Conference in Abidjan in October 1990, to academic fore organized by Montclair State College in New Jersey in November 1990 and by the Harvard Center for population and Development Studies in March 1992, to an international conference on population issues in Africa organized by the Government of France in September 1991, to staff of USAID on several occasions between July 1990 and August 1993, to officials of the Caisse Franse de Dloppement in Paris in January 1992, and to staff of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation (BMZ), Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (KfW) and Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) in Frankfurtin April 1993. Members of the world Bank Africa Region's Thematic Team on the Population, Agriculture, and Environment Nexus have also provided comments and suggestions. These venous inputs and reviews, and additional research stimulated by the comments and suggestions received, have resulted in the present study.

Special thanks for support, comments, suggestions, and contributions are due to: E. V. K. Jaycox, Robert McNamara, Ismail Serageldin, Caio KochWeser, Michel Petit, Anand Seth, Steve O'Brien, Ishrat Z. Husain, Michael Gillette, Pierre Landell-Mills, Fred Sai, Dunstan Wai, Ishrat Husain, John Peberdy, Dennis Mahar, Leif Christoffersen, Frans Falloux, John English, Susan Cochrane, Althea Hill, Harry Walters, Agi Kiss, Frans Wencus, Joanne Salop, Jean Doyen, Cynthia Cook, Willem Floor, Mary Dyson, Elizabeth Morris-Hughes, Julia Clones, Paul Shaw, John Spears, Moctar TourPhillippe Caquard, Montague Yudelman, Allen Keliey, Michael Paolisso, Larry Stifel, P. C. Mohan, Dixie Barlow, and Deirdre T. Murphy, and staff of the FAO and the Caisse Franse de Dloppement.

Finally, the comments and suggestions of four anonymous reviewers have been most useful and are acknowledged with particular gratitude.