A. For Persons with Disability
· Understand that they are first and foremost their own
· Analyse the specific barriers to their advancement in
their own concrete situations.
· Not rely too much on government. However, they must try to
understand the dynamics of Structural Adjustment Programmes, and how the Social
Dimensions Fund operates to cushion the effects of SAP, to be able to take
advantage of it.
· Network with other grassroots organizations to brainstorm
about alternatives to SAPs as a way of developing the national economies.
· Lobby the government for their legitimate rights in
general with the rest of the population, for often they are deprived of these
· Analyse the situation of those amongst them who might be
even more marginalised on account of their sex. age and disability. They must
help create equalising opportunities for women and children and people with
B. For the Government
The government should:
On matters of policy and Legislation:
· Take affirmative action, especially on education and job
placements, including, where possible, subsidies to employers who employ people
· Provide concessionary loans to PWDs and caters of people
with severe disabilities to start income generating projects
· Recognise the right of children with disabilities to
attend mainstream schools
· Provide subsidies to families with disabled persons
On information and referral facilities:
· Provide facilities for the PWDs to acquire simple (and in
local languages) practical yet comprehensive information about matters that
· Provide adequate extension backup and referral services
On appropriate aids for PWDs:
· Subsidise the production of appropriate aids
Remove taxes on imported appropriate aids
· Help with the procurement
of equipment and machinery needed in IGPs (eg for agriculture)
On empowering local authorities:
Since most of the activities of concern to PWDs take place at the
local level, the central government should empower local authorities and line
ministries with authority and resources to facilitate PWD-sensitive programmes.
C. For the Community
The community should:
· Promote and facilitate the participation of PWDs in joint
· Take affirmative action on developing positive attitudes
D. For the NGOs
The (NGOs) should:
· Establish programmes in consultation with PWDs on the
basis of assessed needs
· Ensure sustainability of PWD
· Decentralise decision-making
· Promote dialogue
with project beneficiaries.
Some Areas of Further Debate
Does the Structural Adjustment Programme really provide an answer
to the economic problems we face? What other alternatives do we have?
In what particular areas of Government action is a policy of
"positive discrimination" in favour of the PWDs justified?
In what ways is African culture a disenabling factor for women and
children? Should WWDs join with mainstream women's movements to fight for their
general rights, or should they form their own separate