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close this bookEnergy after Rio - Prospects and Challenges - Executive Summary (UNDP, 1997, 38 p.)
close this folder2. Energy and Major Global Issues
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Open this folder and view contents2.1 Energy and Social Issues
Open this folder and view contents2.2 Energy and Environment
Open this folder and view contents2.3 Energy and the Economy
Open this folder and view contents2.4 Energy and Security
View the document2.5 Energy and Global Issues: The Implications


1.5-2 billion people are without access to electricity

Energy is directly related to the most pressing social issues which affect sustainable development: poverty, jobs and incomes levels, access to social services, gender disparity, population growth, agricultural production and food scarcity, health, land degradation, climate change and environmental quality, and economic and security issues. Without adequate attention to the critical importance of energy to all these issues, the global social goals agreed on at UN conferences in the 1990’s cannot be achieved. Indeed the magnitude of change needed is large, fundamental and directly related to the energy produced and consumed internationally.