|Teacher Training: a Training Guide (Peace Corps, 1986, 249 p.)|
|Session 1 - The peace corps volunteer as a teacher trainer|
a. Small group introductions 20 minutes
After a brief self introduction to the trainees, the trainer separates the participants into small groups 20 minutes of four or five. The groups then have two tasks: 1) to learn the following personal information about each member: name, site of posting, length of time already in the country, and assignment (10 minutes), 2) to brainstorm and list on a piece of newsprint the members expectations (or hopes) for the training (10 minutes).
Trainers notes: The main purpose of this small group work is for the trainees to begin to know each other. Be careful however this doesnt just turn into a chatty session. Check with each group after 9 or 10 minutes to be sure that they are starting the expectations brainstorm.
Materials: sheets of newsprint and markers for each group
b. Discussion 25 minutes
After 20 minutes the groups regather. Going around the room, each trainee says his/her name, assignment and site of posting. When all have introduced themselves, the lists of expectations are posted and each group explains its list. The trainer then distributes to the trainees the training objectives and design and discusses with the participants any major discrepancies between the expectation lists and the pre-planned training design. The trainer may say something like this if appropriate: In the beat of all worlds every training design is based on a comprehensive needs assessment of the local situation. This was not possible in our case because the training was designed state-aide. Though it will be impossible to redesign the entire training program, every attempt will be made to address your concerns during the course of the program. We will use the daily evaluation session and your informal feedback as a way of checking to see that we are meeting your training needs. Since this is your training program, it is our hope that you will both enjoy and learn from it. Finally, the training program ground rules (i.e., punctuality, preparation, etc.) are outlined and agreed upon. Trainers notes: The reason for listing expectations is two-fold: first to help the participants realize that the training includes the things that they feel they need to know, and second, to include the participants in the training process. This latter point can be recalled during the third part of the andragogy lecturette (that training is learner centered). If the trainer has done an extensive local needs assessment with the participants prior to the training or if the participants all know each other well, the first two activities might be done in a shortened manner (perhaps only a brainstorm).
Materials: newsprint, markers, tape, training design and objectives handouts
c. Brainstorm 20 minutes
The group brainstorms differences and similarities between the U.S. and host country systems of education.
Before looking at teacher training, lets first look at some of the differences and similarities between the system we were raised in, and the one we are now working in. The trainer then tapes up a large newsprint comparative education chart. As the group offers responses to each of the points, the trainer fills in the chart, taken from page 5 of the Reference Manual.
Trainers notes: While one trainer is writing the brainstorm responses up front, the other is completing a similar chart in the back of the room. This way each of the small groups will have its own chart.
Materials: two comparative education wall charts, markers, tape
d. Small groups 25 minutes
When the chart is completed, the participants divide into two groups, each one with a trainer, to discuss the implications of these differences for the Peace Corps Volunteer teacher trainer. Questions the trainer might use to spark the discussion include: - Think of a time when have you been especially frustrated by the educational system you are working in. Why were you frustrated and how did you resolve the situation? - You are opposed to the Baccalaureate (0-A Level) examination system the educational system is based upon. Now do you handle this personal bias when you are discussing curriculum and student assessment with your teachers? - Is the role of the PCV as a teacher trainer to introduce teachers to new and innovative ways of doing things, or to train then to do well what the Ministry of Education mandates, regardless of ones own personal opinion of that mandate? The groups do not regather, but instead go directly into the break. Trainers notes: The group discussion here can be very sensitive and must be carefully done, for one is dealing with the biases and assumptions that we, as expatriates, bring into a foreign situation. It is
important to push the Volunteers, yet remain supportive and gentle in any critique. This discussion is meant more to stimulate personal reflection of the trainees styles and/or values systems. than to change their behavior. If there are host country nationals present, they can help clarify or correct assumptions made by the Volunteers.
Materials: charts from the brainstorm session, tape