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close this bookThe Courier N 184 - Jan - Feb 2001 - Dossier: Press and Democracy - Country Reports: St Kitts and Nevis (EC Courier, 2001, 96 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderThe ACP and Europe
View the documentComment by Poul Nielson, EU Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid
View the documentThe ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly
close this folderFocus on development
View the documentAborigines - Healing the wounds of the past
View the documentJapan’s development aid - Goliath goes on a diet
View the documentGM foods - The answer or the enemy?
View the documentChad/Cameroon oil pipeline
View the documentSupporting the private sector - EU, CDE and ACP enterprises: A growing role for a changing institution
View the documentNGO henna project in Somalia - Somali women at heart of henna business
View the documentThe Cariforum Meeting
close this folderCountry Report: St Kitts and Nevis
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction - Two islands, one paradise
View the documentInterviews - Sam Condor, Deputy Prime Minister
View the documentTourism - Looking down from the fortress
View the documentProfile
close this folderDossier: Press and Democracy
View the documentLorenzo Natali prize for journalism
View the documentPress and democracy - Structures for strengthening democracy in Africa
View the documentPress watchdogs - Looking out for a responsible press
View the documentCongo - Playing with fire: the Congolese press
View the documentJames Deane at Panos - Informing democracy
View the documentLocal radio in Madagascar - Grass roots of democracy
View the documentInternet: The hidden Web
View the documentThe press in the Caribbean
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View the documentRound Table on communicable diseases - Disease and poverty: breaking the vicious circle
View the documentAIDS in Uganda
View the documentBiodiversity conservation in Kenya - can it succeed?
View the documentSolomon Islands - EU cooperation: Against all odds - EDF project implementation in Malaita
View the documentCOMESA - Africa's first Free Trade Area
close this folderFace to face with....
View the documentMamphela Ramphele, new Managing Director of the World Bank
View the documentMichael Maina, Solomon Islands Minister for National Planning and Human Resource Development
View the documentMaps of EU and ACP countries
View the documentRosey Cameron Smith

Comment by Poul Nielson, EU Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid

Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria are all diseases that kill in developing countries. And they are all exacerbated by poverty.

What can be done? First, although AIDS is the problem everyone mentions, we must urge people not to forget malaria and TB, which wreak their own particular havoc.

People must be informed about prevention, shown that it works, and convinced that not all of it is prohibitively expensive or high tech. Impregnated mosquito nets have been proved to be extremely successful against malaria if used correctly, and the same goes for both male and female condoms against HIV/AIDS.

Prevention must not be dismissed. What is needed is information and often, financial help.

We must, as always, work constructively together as a community, and step up the flow of disbursement to where it is needed. The European Union is a major donor - its commitments to health, AIDS and population between 1990 and 1998 amount to around €3.4 billion. The European Union and its Member States now provide more than half of all development assistance to health-related programmes around the world.

The treatment for TB costs a total of € 15. AIDS treatment costs US $30 a day, and the sufferer also needs two square meals and access to clean drinking water. This is simply out of reach in countries with US $2-300 per capita a year and with health sector spending around US $5 per capita a year. Key pharmaceutical products must become more accessible and affordable, and there is no doubt that new and better vaccines are vital. The EU and its Member States and partners can and will contribute by investing in the research institutes of developing countries, as well as funding research in developed ones.

Health will remain a priority in the future, and the EU will contribute funding and resources to health problems worldwide. Assistance has shifted from an initial focus on curative medicine and building up health infrastructure towards support for basic health services, including developing fully-fledged HIV/AIDS and reproductive health and population programmes and supporting health sector reform efforts. As part of a collaborative approach, developing countries governments and the private sector are being involved.

We must get our policy right, and make sure it is consistently and correctly applied. Some countries have had their own opinions about treatment of these diseases, others have followed advice. Uganda, for instance, has acted on clear and honest information, and is showing a decrease in the number of AIDS cases. Zimbabwe is also now following this strategy. Results like these will make all the difference.

The Commission, the WHO and UNAIDS held a high-level Round Table on transmissible diseases last September (see Page 77), to bring together stakeholders with different opinions to formulate a coherent policy for collaboration on the eradication of HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB.