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close this bookEthnoveterinary Medicine in Asia : Swine (IIRR, 1994, 72 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentParticipants and workshop staff
View the documentHow to use this manual
View the documentLack of appetite
View the documentFever
View the documentCoughs and colds
View the documentDiarrhea and dehydration
View the documentConstipation
View the documentPoisoning
View the documentInternal parasites
View the documentPork tapeworm
View the documentScabies or mite infestation
View the documentLice
View the documentInfectious diseases
View the documentProblems of the eye
View the documentWounds
View the documentSprains
View the documentHousing
View the documentFeeding
View the documentBreeding
View the documentCare of newborn
View the documentUdder infection
View the documentAnemia in piglets
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- Itching and scratching.
- Loss of hair due to rubbing and scratching.
- Lice can be seen moving around on the skin.
- Eggs can be seen attached to the hair.

Cause Presence of lice due to poor hygiene.


General sanitation is important to prevent lice infestation.

- Keep the pen and bedding clean.
- Bathe the animals regularly and keep them clean.
- Isolate the infested animal.
- Do not use the infested animal for breeding purposes.


Use any of the following treatments:

- Annona squamosa. Annona reticulata. Annona muricata.

Pound or grind 2 kg of ripe, air-dried seeds of any of the three plants above. Soak the ground seeds in 5 liters of water for 24 hours. Pour the water through a coarse cloth (such as mosquito netting) to remove the solids. Mix 1 part of the liquid with 5 parts of water before use. Use a brush or coconut husk to rub the solution on the whole body of the infected pig once a day. Treat the animal until all the lice and eggs are removed. For future use, cover and store the undiluted liquid in a cool, dry place. It can be kept for up to 20 days. (India, Thailand. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

- Premna odorata Gliricidia septum.

Pound or grind 2-3 small bundles of fresh leaves of either plant (this is enough for an average-sized adult pig). Rub the ground leaves over the whole body of the animal. Apply 2-3 times a day until all the lice and eggs are removed. (Philippines, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

- In severe cases of lice infestation, shave the animal to remove all hair, lice and eggs.