Cover Image
close this bookBetter Farming Series 35 - Better Freshwater Fish Farming: Further Improvement (FAO, 1986, 61 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folderIntroduction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWays to improve
close this folderThe ponds
View the documentBuilding even bigger ponds or more ponds
View the documentA nursery pond
View the documentFilling and emptying smaller ponds
View the documentFilling and emptying bigger ponds
close this folderBringing water to your ponds
View the documentRaising the level of your water supply
View the documentDigging a supply ditch
View the documentDigging a return ditch
View the documentControlling the water in your supply ditch
View the documentFilling your ponds
View the documentHow to fill your ponds
View the documentBetter fertilizing
close this folderThe fish
View the documentGrowing fish all year round
View the documentGrowing only male fish
View the documentHarvesting your fish
View the documentHarvesting many fish
View the documentHarvesting fish when you have a monk
View the documentYour farm and your fish- ponds
View the documentYour fish- ponds and your health

Building even bigger ponds or more ponds

6. The easiest way to make an even bigger pond is to add a new part to one of your old ponds.

7. You can add a new part to your old pond of 15 x 15 metres. You can make it twice as big. You can make it 15 x 30 metres and still build the banks in the same way that you built them for the old part of the pond.

New outlet and overflow

8. Booklet No. 29, Items 42 to 48, tells you how to make a smaller pond bigger.

9. If you do not want to make your old pond bigger, you can build one or more new ponds of 15 x 15 metres next to your old pond ...


or in another place.

New pond

10. You can also build a pond of 20 x 20 metres and still dig the bottom and build the banks in the same way as you did for your old ponds.

New pond

11. The top of the banks of a 20 x 20 metre pond should still be 1.50 metres wide as they were with your 15 x 15 metre ponds.

The banks of pond

12. The water should be at least 0.60 metre deep in the shallow part and at least 0.90 metre deep in the deepest part.

Keep the water deep

13. If you want a still bigger pond, you can build one of 20 x 30 metres, 20 x 50 metres or even 30 x 50 metres. The top of the banks of ponds this size should also be 1.50 metres wide but, because these ponds are bigger and deeper and hold much more water, the bottom part of the banks should be stronger than the banks you built for your smaller ponds.

14. Since you will be digging bigger and deeper ponds, you will take out more soil. Put all the soil you dig out on the lower part of the banks. This will make them thicker and stronger.

15. The drawing below will show you what the banks should look like when you are finished.

The banks of a pond

16. However, if you build ponds of this size, you should build them a little deeper. They should be at least 0.75 metre deep in the shallow end and at least 1.00- 1.20 metres deep in the deepest part.

Keep the water deep

17. If you live in a place where the temperature falls below 20°C, make your ponds 1.50- 1.80 metres deep. The water will be warmer in the deepest part and your fish can go there during the colder part of each day.

Pond’s dimensions

Remember when ponds are side by side, you will need only one bank between two ponds (see Item 45, Booklet No. 27). If you are building two ponds side by side at the same time, you can make the top of the bank between them 1.00 metre wide instead of 1.50 metres.

One bank between two ponds