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close this bookBetter Farming Series 22 - Cocoa (FAO - INADES, 1977, 32 p.)
close this folderTaking care of the plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWeeding and soil cover
View the documentPruning cocoa trees
View the documentApplying fertilizers
View the documentProtection from insects and diseases

Pruning cocoa trees

32. The cocoa tree is a tree that develops well. It has a single, straight trunk. A crown of 3 to 5 main branches forms about 1.5 metres above ground level.

33. Sometimes, during the first year, several shoots form on the trunk. Cut off these shoots and leave only the strongest. Sometimes the crown forms too low down, at less than 1 metre above ground level.

A new crown will then form at a good height, and the first crown will stop growing.

Young well- grow cocoa tree

Choose a shoot which grows straight up and let it develop

4. Always cut out all dead branches, dry twigs and suckers.

A sucker is a twig that grows upward out of the trunk. Cut off the suckers very close to the trunk.

Always cut out all dead branches

35. When a cocoa tree gets old, it no longer yields many pods. But you can make cocoa trees young again by letting one or two suckers grow low down on the trunk where they can develop their own roots. Then cut down the old trunk, and you will again have a cocoa tree that yields many pods.

Old cocoa tree