Cover Image
close this bookThe Courier N° 136 - Nov-Dec 1992 - Dossier Humanitarian Aid - Country Reports: Soa Tomé- Principe- Senegal (EC Courier, 1992, 96 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderMeeting point
close this folderPeter POOLEY and Sandiago GOMEZ-RETNO, first acting Director and new incoming Director of the European Community Humanitarian Office, ECHO
View the document(introduction...)
View the document'The demand for humanitarian assistance and relief will go on growing.'
View the document'If you make a man poorer or richer anywhere in the world, then you impoverish or enrich yourself
View the documentECHO: a rapid response to any sound of distress
close this folderACP-EEC
View the documentACP-EEC Joint Assembly discusses the future of the Lomé Convention
close this folderCountry reports
close this folderSao Tome & Principe: An alternative to cocoa?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAn interview with Prime Minister Norberto da Costa Alegre
View the documentUntitled
View the documentCooperation with the EEC
close this folderSenegal: Democracy pays dividends
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe Senegalese economy
View the documentThe economy: Heavily dependent on the outside world
View the documentTourism: Need for restructuring
View the documentProfile
View the documentEEC-Senegal cooperation: a variety of instruments
close this folderACP
View the documentChocolate manufacturers fear for Ghana's 'Gold Standard' cocoa
View the documentNile perch and Lake Victoria - Counting on EEC research for their survival
View the documentAduIt skills training and education in Namibia - Challenges galore
close this folderEurope
View the document'Africa: investing in development'
close this folderDossier
View the documentHumaritarian aid
View the documentCommunity humanitarian aid: some facts and figures
View the documentThe response of the United Nations to humanitarian emergencies by
View the documentHumanitarian assistance: the needs and the response
View the documentHumanitarian assistance turns to democratic interference
View the documentUnited Nations Resolutions
View the documentPriorities for UNHCR Today
View the documentNew challenges for the international community by Nicholas HINTON *
View the documentJournalists and humanitarian emergencies
View the document«Médecins sans Frontières» - Helping hands for the sick and injured
View the documentEurope helps the former Yugoslavia
View the documentSomalia: Millions face starvation
View the documentEmergency humanitarian aid for the Iraqi peoples
View the documentThe 1991 Bangladesh cyclone: the Commission's response
View the documentDrought in Southern Africa
close this folderClose-up
View the documentEC Scholarships for Angolan and Mozambican students in Swaziland
close this folderDeveloping world
View the documentUNCTAD's 1992 Trade and Development Report
close this folderCulture and the arts
View the documentShakespeare on tour
View the documentThe ACP countries at the Barcelona Olympic Games
View the documentMozambican artist offers hope
close this folderCTA-bulletin
View the documentA new lease of life for Africa's rural radios
View the documentThe Courier’s mailbag
View the documentBooks
close this folderNews round-up
View the documentThe convention at work
View the documentEuropean Community
View the documentGeneral information
View the documentAcknowledgements

Tourism: Need for restructuring

Tourism remains one of the sectors which Senegal can rely on to increase its income in hard currency and to reduce the balance of payments deficit. Indeed, in French-speaking Africa, Senegal is the principal tourist destination, ahead of the Ivory Coast. In the continent as a whole, it is in fourth place behind Kenya, Zimbabwe and Botswana as regards total international tourist arrivals.

But this flattering comparison may be somewhat misleading. In overall world terms it emerges that, of the 400 million tourists recorded in 1989 by the World Tourism Organisation (WTO), barely five million visited Africa (1.2% of the total) and only 265 000 of these spent their holidays in Senegal. In financial terms, these visitors represented c $123 million in income to the country,, making Senegal the top earner from tourism in West Africa and the third most important tourist destination in the continent. It is worth noting that Africa's five million tourists generated only 0.7% ($1.37 billion) of the world's total tourist earnings (5194.5 billion) in 1989.

There are also indications that all is not well with Senegal's tourist industry. The reasons for the decline in this sector are, as elsewhere, related to internal structural problems combined with unfavourable economic conditions in the tourists' own countries.

As regards the first of these, it is stated in an expert report that 'the Senegalese tourist product, the cost of which is too high in relation to the competition, has become tarnished and outdated'. This assessment is corroborated by the information coming from tourist operators. Broadly speaking, they are pessimistic about the future. An example which illustrates the problem is the 'Club Aldiana' which has now been operating in Senegal for 20 years. Usage of the 230-bed establishment, which caters mainly for European tourists, has been declining for a number of years. The occupancy rate, which averaged 67.18% in 1989, fell to 60.09% in 1990, 54.31% in 1991 and the trend has continued since then.

Senegalese tourist promoters attribute this state of affairs, at least partly, to the strength of the CFA franc, which has a fixed parity with the French currency. This means that prices in Senegal are largely comparable with those of developed countries. They also contrast unfavourably with the prices charged in neighbouring Gambia, which offers a tourist product of similar quality. Hence the latter enjoys a competitive edge.

In short, it appears that Senegalese tourism needs to be redesigned in terms of both the product and its operation, with a view to attracting visitors who are not necessarily in the habit of acquiring a loyalty to a particular holiday destination.

L.P.