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close this bookParticipatory Methods in Community-based Coastal Resource Management - Volume 1 - Introductory Papers (IIRR, 1998)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFunding partners
View the documentCollaborating organizations
View the documentMembers of the management team and steering committee
View the documentAcknowledgement
close this folderIntroduction
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View the documentThe first booklet
View the documentThe second booklet
View the documentThe third booklet
View the documentA distillation of practical field experiences
close this folderHow this sourcebook was produced
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWorkshop objectives
View the documentWorkshop process
close this folderCoastal communities living with complexity and crisis in search for control
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCoastal communities
View the documentComplexity
View the documentCrisis
View the documentWho owns this sea?
View the documentCoastal resource management
View the documentCommunity-based coastal resource management
close this folderCommunity-based coastal resource management
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPrinciples of CBCRM
View the documentComponents of CBCRM
View the documentThe CBCRM cycle
View the documentReferences
close this folderCommunity organizing and development process
View the documentDefinition
View the documentPurpose
View the documentThe community organizer
View the documentTime frame
View the documentCommonly-used approach
close this folderParticipation and participatory methods
View the documentWhat is participation?
View the documentWhy participation?
View the documentDegrees of participation
View the documentObstacles to participation
View the documentParticipatory methods and other research methods
View the documentReferences
close this folderGeneral guidelines for using participatory tools
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentGuidelines for facilitating groups
View the documentWhile working with a community...
View the documentGlossary
View the documentWorkshop participants
View the documentWorkshop staff

Coastal resource management

Who is involved?

The sea goes from the beach in one village past the next village, around the country, and connects to the rest of the world. "Everyone" should be involved in managing the resources of the Sea or coastal resource management.

International agreements regulate some activities in the open sea. National agencies are often involved in Coastal Zone Management (CZM).

In recent years, a number of integrated approaches to CZM have been adopted. These include consideration of jointly managing all the activities of commerce, housing, fisheries, recreation, government, etc. which take place in the coastal zone. This process includes all the "stakeholders" in CZM in variations such as: Integrated Coastal Management (ICM), Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM), and Integrated Management of Coastal Zone Environment (IMCZE).

Although details of these variations differ, they are almost universally initiated by governments and include different levels of government. Because the USERS are involved, these "integrated" approaches to management may generally be described as CO-MANAGEMENT. More and more. the user groups include "community groups".

However, the degree and effectiveness of "involvement", "sitting at the table " or being a "stakeholder" depends on the social and cultural context, the ability of local people to negotiate with the political and economic interests, and the political will of the government to ACT.

As in many natural resource areas, the management of coastal resources through central authorities has failed to curtail overexploitation and destructive impacts. However, many countries are turning to local control of many natural resources because those who directly depend on resources are often the most committed, conscious and capable guardians.

There are some problems that are difficult to control locally such as global market pressures and pollution. However, there are many issues that can be addressed locally.