The data for the report has been collected mainly by way of
interpreting available literature on school enterprises with a view to capturing
differences that occur according to the optimal interlinking between learning
and production, the different socio-economic contexts as well as differences in
the emphasis on the pedagogical value of introducing productive enterprise.
The notion of school enterprises is not only a concern in less
industrialised countries faced with high levels of underemployment, but also in
more advanced countries. The case studies therefore provide international
comparisons, as the link between education and production has been undertaken in
many parts of the world and in situations that differ widely in terms of
socio-cultural characteristics, political and ideological systems, and levels of
development. The report pays attention to traditions and possibilities in
developing countries, but also makes references to possibilities in Western
States, guided by liberal pragmatic ideas to the introduction of work
orientation in schools.
In order to make a proper evaluation of school-run enterprises,
descriptions have been complemented by analysis. Here is a shortlist of
indicators for the evaluation of school-run enterprises:
· What role is the
incorporation of production in the educational context supposed to play?
· What are the modes of
· What are the determinants of
· How can the vocational
training and educational system be carried out through co-operation with private
industry and micro-enterprises in the informal sector?
· What is the role of different
· What are the factors for an
optimal mix between involvement in real work processes and academic/ practical
· What are the welfare effects
of combining education with production?
· How can incentives be provided
to teachers within the context of school enterprises?
· How are resources raised and
what are they used for?
· How do graduates enter the
· How much public control or
support should be introduced and, where public intervention is involved, how far
responsibility and initiative may be