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close this bookVolunteer Participation in Working with the Urban Poor (UNDP - UNV, 64 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentNote on terminology and abbreviations
View the documentSummary
close this folderI. Urbanisation: recognition and response
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentUrbanisation and poverty
View the documentResponse to urbanisation
View the documentRecognition of ''Self-help'' initiatives
close this folderII. Insights derived from community-based programmes
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderUrban informal sector
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMicro-enterprise promotion
View the documentWorking conditions in the informal sector
View the documentThe ILO experience
View the documentLow-income housing
View the documentInfrastructure and basic services
View the documentHealth and HIV/AIDS prevention
View the documentNon-formal education and functional literacy
View the documentWomen, gender and development
View the documentChildren of the street
View the documentImplications for VSAs
close this folderIII. Towards a community-based strategy for VSAs
View the documentParticipation: how and for whose benefit?
View the documentA sense of ''community''
View the documentGeneral characteristics of low-income urban communities
View the documentFactors determining support possibilities
View the documentGeneral characteristics of CBOs
View the documentSupport channels and intermediaries
close this folderIV. Programming concerns for VSAs and UNV
View the documentGuidelines for involvement
View the documentSuccess criteria for volunteer involvement
View the documentTaking the initiative
View the documentFlexibility
View the documentMeeting personnel and associated needs
View the documentChannels of operation
View the documentUnited Nations Agencies and their partners
View the documentFunding and other programme concerns
close this folderV. Principles and characteristics of volunteer use
View the documentFunctions and volunteers
View the documentQualities of VDWs
View the documentTeams
View the documentSkill requirements and experiences
View the documentSelection and placement process
View the documentAcculturation and language training process
View the documentEpilogue: follow-up, 1995
View the documentAnnotated reference list
close this folderAnnex: Excerpts from background papers
View the documentUrban development policy issues and the role of united nations volunteers
View the documentWorking with the urban poor: lessons from the experience of metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria
View the documentBrief account of my experience as a DDS field worker and a UNV in Sri Lanka and Jamaica
View the documentSpecial consultation on volunteer participation in working with the urban poor

Epilogue: follow-up, 1995

During the Special Consultation meeting in 1990, the need for greater inter-agency collaboration in the area of urban poverty became a key discussion point, as it was evident that joint programming efforts would present a stronger, more effective response than previous isolated activities. Since then, UNV has embarked on collaborative programming efforts with the UN Centre for Human Settlements UNCHS (HABITAT) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO), with the support of UNDP, to develop a joint "package" to address some of the effects of urban poverty in developing countries.

Three years later, extensive preparatory assessment missions produced the Urban Poverty Partnership programme. The relative strength of UNCHS in enabling human settlements policies to improve the living environment in urban informal settlements; the expertise of ILO in employment promotion and policy formulation; as well as UNV's experience in community-based work, were combined in a coordinated programme response to the vast and varied concerns of urban low-income communities.

Eleven countries were targeted in the pilot phase of the HABITAT/ILO/UNV programme: four in Africa; two in Asia; three in Latin America; and one in Europe. These projects, which focussed primarily on the improvement of living conditions and expansion of employment opportunities, ranged from an urban development project in Namibia to resettle families from squatter areas, which is run in collaboration with urban CBOs, municipal councils and ministries; a solid waste recycling project in Uganda, largely working with a NGO; a project in Indonesia designed to assist in the decentralisation of infrastructure planning and implementation and thus extend and enhance the delivery of services; a project in Bolivia designed to strengthen local organisations' capacity to carry-out development programmes; to a project in Albania designed to assist in the privatisation of housing stock. Mixed teams of UN Volunteers, including International UNV Specialists, DDS Field Workers and community volunteers, were involved in the project design and implementation.

This programme presents a significant departure from past responses to urban poverty in that it combines the experience of three UN agencies with a view to integrating community initiatives into a sustainable support network on a continuous basis. This programme also presents a significant learning experience for all agencies involved. This is especially so for UNV in extending the breadth of volunteer types to meet development needs in the urban setting. The potential for volunteer participation in this area remains vast.

The 1995 Social Summit in Copenhagen emphasised the link between poverty eradication and sustainable development and called upon individuals, organisations and governments to work together to meet the growing demands of developing countries in this area. The Urban Poverty Partnership Programme has paved the way for joint organisational collaboration in addressing the long-term needs of low-income communities.