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close this bookWomen's Rights are Human Rights - A review of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR, 2000, 36 p.)
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View the documentEDITORIAL - Foreword by the High Commissioner
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View the documentGender Mainstreaming and Human Rights of Women: OHCHR Policy Statement
View the documentTrafficking and the Global Sex Industry: A Human Rights Framework
View the documentOHCHR's Anti-trafficking programme
View the documentWomen's enjoyment of their economic, social and cultural rights
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close this folderSPECIALIZED MECHANISMS AND TREATY BODIES
View the documentSpecial Rapporteur on Violence against Women
View the documentIntegrating the Gender Perspective into the Work of the United Nations Human Rights Treaty Bodies
View the documentNew General Comment of the Human Rights Committee Concerning Gender Equality1
View the documentGender Related Dimensions of Racial Discrimination: General Recommendation1
View the documentOptional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 10 December 1999
View the documentJoint statement by the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women, Ms. Angela E.V. King, and the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mrs. Mary Robinson, at the occasion of the opening for signature of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women - 10 December 1999
View the documentLe Projet de Protocole a la Charte Africaine des Droits de l'Homme et des Peuples relatif aux Droits de la Femme en Afrique
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View the documentOficina de la Alta Comisionada para los Derechos Humanos en El Salvador
View the documentOffice of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Guatemala
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View the documentList of publications by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on gender and human rights of women
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Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women

The post of Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, its causes and consequences, was created by CHR resolution 1994/45. Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy (Sri Lanka), was appointed to the position and continues to serve as Special Rapporteur.

The Special Rapporteur's mandate is based on the substantive analysis of violence against women contained within the UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women.

According to Article 2 of the Declaration, violence against women encompasses, but is not limited to, physical, sexual and psychological violence, which occurs:

(1) In the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the household, dowry-related violence, marital rape, female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, non-spousal violence and violence related to exploitation

(2) In the community, including rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment and intimidation at work, in educational institutions and elsewhere, trafficking in women and forced prostitution

(3) Perpetrated or condoned by the state, including during times of armed conflict.

As of April 2000, the Special Rapporteur has produced eight thematic reports1:

(1) Preliminary survey of all forms of violence against women, E/CN.4/1995/42, issued on 22 November 1994;

(2) Violence in the family, E/CN.4/1996/53, issued on 5 February 1996;

(3) Violence in the community, E/CN.4/1997/47, issued on 12 February 1997;

(4) Violence by the state and during armed conflict, E/CN.4/1998/54, issued on 26 January 1998;

(5) An assessment of state responses to domestic violence, E/CN.4/1999/68, issued on 10 March 1999;

(6) Policies and practices that impact women's reproductive rights and contribute to, cause or constitute violence against women, E/CN.4/1999/68/Add.4, issued on 21 January 1999;

(7) Economic and social policy and its impact on violence against women, E/CN.4/2000/68/Add.5, 24 February 2000;

(8) Trafficking in women, women's migration and violence against women, E/CN.4/2000/68, issued on 29 February 2000.

1 Copies of the Special Rapporteur's reports, as well as model domestic violence legislation (E/CN.4/1996/53/Add.2, issued on 2 February 1996) and communications to and from governments are available on the OHCHR website (www.unhchr.ch)