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close this bookDrug Education: Programmes and Methodology - An Overview of Opportunities for Drug Prevention (EC - UNESCO, 1995, 41 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderI. Drug Abuse Prevention Strategies
View the documentSupply reduction or demand reduction?
View the documentDilemmas of drug prevention
close this folderII. The planning process of drug education
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View the documentDrug abuse assessment
View the documentDeveloping prevention goals and objectives
View the documentIdentification of resources
View the documentDetermining the content and selecting methods of the prevention programme
View the documentImplementation
View the documentEvaluation
View the documentProgrammes, target groups and intermediaries
close this folderIII. Methods and techniques of drug education
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDrug Education and Mass Media
View the documentPrinciples of Mass Media
close this folderDrug Education utilizing group methods and techniques
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentKnowledge and drug information model
View the documentAffective education model
View the documentSocial influence model
View the documentLife skills model of drug education
close this folderIV. Drug Prevention in some European Countries: A Review of Policies and Programmes
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View the documentUnited Kingdom
View the documentThe Netherlands
View the documentSweden
View the documentGermany
close this folderV. Effectiveness of Drug Education
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View the documentEvaluation of Mass Media Drug Education
View the documentEvaluation of Drug Education through Group Methods
View the documentVI. Conclusion and suggestions for Model Programmes of Drug Education

Drug abuse assessment

Needs assessment is the part of the planning process that has to reply to the question: "What kind of drug problems does the target group and the educational institution need to address"? The answer is not always obvious, because there may be very different perceptions and definitions of "drug related problems" within a community. However, a complete assessment will try to determine:

- What kind of substances are being used, by whom, in which situations and resulting in what kind of problems (health, social, judicial, criminal etc.)?

- Are selected target groups motivated to change existing consumption practices?

- What skills and strategies are needed to change practices and obstacles that could inhibit the application of such strategies and skills

- What other prevention programmes and aid services already exist to tackle drug problems?

Several needs assessment techniques exist. The preferred methods will depend upon factors, such as time available, funds and other resources. Some examples are:

- case studies;
- social indicators (statistical documentation available in the community);
- service provision surveys;
- key persons studies;
- target population surveys.

Selecting the most appropriate technique requires a balanced consideration of advantages and disadvantages in terms of time, money, staff, reliability of technique, etc.