CHAPTER III - IN PARTNERSHIP WITH WHOM?
Participation is an important element in human
development, and all preventive education programmes should, therefore,
according to their proportions, call upon the assistance of a varied range of
organizations to promote differentiated development.
«People as understanding of the world is formed and
nurtured in face-to-face interactions in small social groups - first in the
family, then the street, perhaps, or in the neighbourhood or village»
(l2) Human Development Report, op. cit.,
Programmes should be set up in place which take account of
social microcosms, how they are linked and articulated. Specific questions
relative to the products conjured up by social imagery must be discerned,
discussed in terms of both urban and rural social integration and exclusion,
taking into account internal and external migratory phenomena.
Action at different levels (from the family to society in
general) requires partnerships with both the State and the institutions of civil
society. Between these two levels there should be cooperation and exchange of
information and experiences with institutions specialized in the field of drugs.
In that sense, the role of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and people's
organizations is of prime importance. NGOs are voluntary organizations with a
quite bureaucratic structure, whilst people's organizations are less structured,
more democratic, representing the interests of their members, but with less
capacity to intervene. Whilst NGOs can be organized at local, national, or even
international levels (including in a federal form), people's organizations are
smaller, more flexible and usually work mainly at local levels.
If participation is considered to be a criterion of success of
prevention education programmes, then the active involvement of individuals and
groups concerned (inhabitants of a district, neighbours, young people, women,
drug-takers, ex-drug addicts, pharmacists, teachers, social workers...) cannot
be too strongly stressed. Local activities are of the utmost importance, from
the point of view of primary prevention, as is the development of social
activities in general - in the fields of sports, culture, the arts and leisure.
One final recommendation - all strategies which aim to reinforce the social
fabric should be based on partnerships between the State, the institutions of
civil society, people's organizations and those specialized in drugs to ensure
the attainment of the common goal of preventive education which is the
improvement of the quality of life with a view to human development for the
individual, the family, the school, the community and society as a whole,
through formal and non formal education and