Cover Image
close this bookNeeds and Characteristics of a Sample of Micro and Small Enterprises in Thailand - Working Paper N5 - Micro and Small Enterprise Development and Poverty Alleviation in Thailand - Project ILO/UNDP: THA/99/003 (ILO-ISEP - ILO - UNDP, 1999, 102 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
close this folder1.0 Background
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 An overview of problems and needs of MSEs
close this folder2.0 Survey of selected Thai urban-based MSEs
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 Survey methodology
View the document2.2 The survey sample
View the document2.3 Results of the Bangkok survey
View the document2.4 Results of the Phetchaburi survey
close this folder3.0 Characteristics, problems and needs of Thai MSEs
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Characteristics of Thai MSEs
View the document3.2 Problems and needs of Thai MSEs
View the document3.3 Possible solutions to problems
close this folder4.0 Notes on statistical findings
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.1 Gender issues for entrepreneurs
View the document4.2 The educational level of entrepreneurs
View the document4.3 The age of entrepreneurs
View the document4.4 The relationship between sales, asset value and number of workers
View the document5.0 Recommendations
close this folderAnnexes
View the documentAnnex I: Tables 2 - 31
View the documentAnnex II: Figures 1 to 9
View the documentAnnex III: List of enterprises surveyed
View the documentAnnex IV: ILO Recommendation concerning General Conditions to Stimulate Job Creation in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 1998 (No. 189)
View the documentBack cover

4.1 Gender issues for entrepreneurs

The survey found that most of supported and independent microenterprises in both the Bangkok and Phetchaburi surveys are owned and managed by females, while males dominate the small enterprises, as shown in Figures 1 and 2.

As a small enterprise is usually considered a more “formal” or more “serious” business, this may suggest that these “formal” opportunities are more accessible to male entrepreneurs than to female entrepreneurs. In the other words, as microenterprises are typically considered “informal” or “not serious” businesses, the male population might have more opportunities and try to avoid them altogether, preferring instead to engage in other non-enterprises activities. Hence it can be seen that the female entrepreneurs are dominant in the microenterprises. [This can also be as a result of women’s unequal access to important skills, information and resources, such as vocational training, information on markets and technologies, and access to sources of business finance, respectively - Editor’s note.]