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close this bookBetter Farming Series 09 - Animal Husbandry: Animal Diseases; How Animals Reproduce (FAO - INADES, 1976, 33 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentPlan of work
close this folderAnimal health
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentInjuries
View the documentParasites
close this folderDiseases
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentVaccination
View the documentLooking after ill animals
close this folderReproduction
close this folderHow animals reproduce
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderThe reproductive systems
View the documentThe female
View the documentThe male
View the documentPregnancy and birth
close this folderChoosing breeding animals
View the documentWhy choose?
View the documentHow to choose
View the documentCastration
View the documentHow to know your herd
close this folderSelling animals
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAnimals are sold for their meat.
View the documentAnimals are sold for breeding.
View the documentYoung animals are sold for fattening.
View the documentThe yield of a herd
View the documentFarmers' groups
View the documentSuggested question paper

How to choose

If you want to have animals that are strong for work; that give a lot of milk; that gain weight quickly and make plenty of meat, you must choose breeding animals that are:

· well formed.

You must eat or sell all poorly developed animals. Keep animals that have plenty of muscle. The muscles of the back and rump are the most important, because they give the best meat.

· resistant to disease.

For example, do not raise zebu cattle in forest country where there is tsetse fly.

· good producers.

It is important to choose animals that produce a lot. For example: pigs that gain weight quickly; cows that give a lot of milk; chickens that lay plenty of eggs; ewes that produce two lambs.

· not too young or too old.

A breeding animal that is too young, not yet fully grown, gets tired, does not gain weight. It becomes a bad breeder. Its offspring will be poorly nourished, for a female cannot both feed the young she is carrying, and go on growing herself.