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close this bookBetter Farming Series 24 - The Oil Palm (FAO - INADES, 1977, 40 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folderModern oil palm cultivation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBefore starting think things over carefully
View the documentLife of the oil palm
View the documentThe fruits of the oil palm yield oil
View the documentWhy cultivate oil palms?
View the documentWhere to cultivate oil palms
close this folderThe oil palm nursery
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow to make a nursery
View the documentLayout of paths and nursery beds
View the documentPutting up shelters
close this folderThe plantation
View the documentPreparing the site
View the documentPegging the planting pattern
View the documentPlanting out the oil palm seedlings
View the documentPutting wire netting around seedlings
close this folderLooking after the plantation
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow much fertilizer to apply
View the documentProtect against insects
View the documentHarvesting
View the documentSuggested question paper


20. It is difficult for a grower to make the seeds of oil palms germinate.

Growers buy young seedlings which already have four or five leaves. Seedlings can be bought from research stations or extension services.

The young seedlings are then put into a nursery.

The nursery is a small plot in which the young oil palms develop.

When the oil palms are big enough, they are planted out in the palm grove.

Nurseries cause a lot of expense and need much care.

It would be very expensive for one grower alone to make a nursery; it is better to make the nursery jointly with other growers.

It is very important to make a success of the nursery, so as to get fine young plants.

A seedling that has not grown well in the nursery will make a poor oil palm.

To have fine seedlings in the nursery you must:

· choose a good site and prepare it well,
· choose the finest seedlings,
· water them, protect them against erosion and weeds, give them fertilizers, protect them against insects and diseases.